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 on: Oct 05, 2015, 08:11 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Man kills bear cub with makeshift spear at illegal Alaska campsite

Killing was legal under defense of life and property law, authorities say, as David Tandler receives $310 citation over food that attracted bears

Associated Press in Anchorage, Alaska
5 October 2015 15.37 BST

A homeless man attached a machete-like blade to a groomed tree branch and speared a hungry black bear cub that was sniffing for food on Friday morning at an illegal camp site in Anchorage.

The cub, estimated to be about a year and a half old, and an older bear thought to be its mother had been at the camp site for days stealing food, authorities said.

On Friday morning, the cub was seen outside a tent. David Tandler, 49, told officers he was worried it would harm children inside the tent, Alaska state troopers spokeswoman Beth Ipsen said. No children were present at the camp site when troopers arrived.

Tandler picked up the spear, which he had earlier prepared for protection by attaching the long knife blade to the branch, said Dave Battle, the Anchorage-area biologist for the Alaska department of fish and game.

Battle said Tandler threw the spear at the cub, hitting it in the side. The bear ran for about 20 yards before collapsing and dying.

“It’s the first time I’ve run across the spearing of a bear,” Battle said.

Authorities determined the bear kill was legal under the state’s defense of life and property law.

Tandler was issued a $310 citation for negligent feeding of wildlife because food and garbage was present at the illegal camp site and that is what attracted the bears.

The camp was already under orders to be dismantled when the incident happened. Those living in camps have several days to clear their belongings before officials step in and do it.

The sow had climbed a tree while authorities were investigating. It eventually came down, but circled the camp site and started to eat some food at the camp. Troopers fired a rubber bullet, scaring the sow off.

The people in the camp were evacuated for their own safety.

“The sow will continue to come in,” Battle said. “For one thing, it lost a cub there, and it found a smorgasbord there.”

 on: Oct 05, 2015, 08:08 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Love of animals led to language and man's domination of Earth

When our apemen ancestors began to interact with animals they developed empathy and the ability to communicate, claims anthropologist Pat Shipman

Robin McKie
Oct 5 2015

Humans became masters of the planet for a startling reason: our love of animals gave us unsurpassed power over nature. This is the claim of a leading American anthropologist who says our prehistoric ancestors' intense relationships with other creatures – including those we hunt, keep as pets and use for food – propelled humanity towards global domination.

Interacting with animals on an intimate basis led humans to develop sophisticated tools and evolve enhanced communication skills, including language itself, Dr Pat Shipman of Pennsylvania State University told the Observer. Animals also taught us that others – even other species – have emotions, needs and thoughts, while they also helped us to evolve the vital skills of empathy, understanding and compromise.

"The longest and enduring trend in human evolution has been a gradual intensification of our involvement with animals," she added. "But now our world is becoming increasingly urbanised and we are having less and less contact with them. The consequences are potentially catastrophic."

Shipman traces humanity's animal connection to the period 2.5 million years ago when our hominid ancestors first made tools. These crafted pieces of stone still litter sites in eastern Africa, including the Olduvai Gorge in Kenya, and bear testimony to the mental transformation in our ancestors' brains.

"These apemen didn't just pick up stones and use them to hammer or pound prey or plants," said Shipman. "They shaped those rocks for specific purposes. They had a mental image of the kind of tools they needed and created them by chipping away at a large piece of stone until they got what they wanted."

And what they wanted were tools for cutting up carcasses. In other words, the sharp stone flakes spread over Olduvai were not used primarily as weapons to kill animals or to hack down plants, but to process dead animals that had already been brought down by other carnivores. Apemen had begun to scavenge for meat from carcasses of prey killed by leopards, cheetahs and other carnivores. Armed with sharp blades, they could cut off chunks of antelope or deer and escape quickly before being eaten themselves by an enraged lion, they discovered.

And that was the crucial point that began our special relationship with the animal kingdom, said Shipman, whose book, The Animal Connection, is published this week. "Until that point, we had been a prey species. Carnivores ate us. Then we began scavenging before going on to hunt on our own behalf. Meat provided our ancestors with a wonderful, rich source of sustenance. However, scavenging for it left us in a very vulnerable position. We were still just as likely to be consumed when confronted by a carnivore as we were to kill in our own right. To survive, we had to learn about the behaviour of a vast number of different species – the ones we wanted to kill and the ones we wanted to avoid.

"For example, we would have learned to spot when lions were preparing to mate – when a male was showing off to a female – so that we could take some its prey while it was otherwise occupied. We would have also built up knowledge about the migration of species such as wildebeest and other animals."

In the end, this expertise would have become crucial to human survival, a point illustrated in the cave paintings in Lascaux and Chauvet in France and the other caves painted by humans 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. They show us that after 2 million years of evolution, humans had become utterly fixated by animals.

"These paintings are stunningly beautiful and superbly crafted," said Shipman. "Sometimes scaffolding was erected in the caves. At the same time, artists went to enormous lengths to get their pigments mixed with the right binding agents and placed in exactly the right spot. And what did they depict when they got things just right? Animals, animals and more animals.

"There are no landscapes and only a handful of poorly executed depictions of humans. By contrast the paintings of lions, stags, horses, bulls and the rest are magnificent. We were besotted with animals because our lives depended on our relationships with them."

Not long after these paintings were created, the first animal – the dog – was domesticated, followed some time later by the horse, sheep, goat and others. The development was crucial. In each case, humans had to learn to put themselves in the minds of these creatures in order to get them to do our bidding. In this way our senses of empathy and understanding, both with animals and with members of own species, were enhanced.

Our special relationship with animals is revealed today through our desire to have pets. "Humans are the only species on Earth to have one-to-one relationships with a member of another species," said Shipman. "No other creature would waste resources on a member of another family, let alone a member of another species. But we do and that is because we have evolved such close ties with specific animals over the millennia and because we are adapted to empathise with other creatures. It is a unique human attribute. We get so much from animals, much more than we appreciate."

Unfortunately, as society becomes increasingly urbanised those ties are being stretched and broken, added Shipman. "Our links to the animal world are precious and shouldn't be taken for granted," she said.

 on: Oct 05, 2015, 08:05 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Chinese gene-modified micropig pets with £1,000 price spark animal rights outrage

Animals may suffer ‘horrific impairments’ as a result of genetic editing techniques developed at Beijing genomics insititute, claims RSPCA

Robin McKie Science editor
5 October 2015 21.17 BST

Tiny pigs, created by genetic editing techniques pioneered at a Chinese science centre, are to be sold as pets in the near future. The prospect has triggered a furious row between animal rights groups and scientists.

Some say the creation of pet micro-pigs could cause considerable pain to the animals. Others say the use of gene editing techniques would be an improvement in standard animal breeding methods and cause less suffering.

The news that the micro-pigs had been created by scientists at the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) was outlined in science journal Nature last week. According to its report, the micro-pigs were developed by applying a gene editing technology called Talens – transcription activator-like effector nucleases – to a small breed of pig known as Bama. The resulting micro-pigs weigh about 15kg when mature (many farm pigs weigh more than 100kg), roughly the same as a medium-sized dog.

Each micro-pig will be sold for 10,000 yuan, about £1,000. Customers will also be able to select the animal’s colour and coat pattern, which the BGI says can be achieved by manipulating its genetic make-up using Talens.

The animals, developed to help with stem cell experiments and other research, are to be sold to raise cash for the institute. “We plan to take orders now and see what the scale of the demand is,” said a senior BGI director, Yong Li.

But the idea has horrified animal rights groups, and some scientists. “The idea is completely unacceptable,” Dr Penny Hawkins, head of the RSPCA’s research animals department, told the Observer. “In the past, pets have been bred by selecting animals, generation by generation, to produce a desired trait. Inducing a massive change in one go risks creating animals that suffer all sorts of horrific impairments.”

Hawkins added that many pet breeds, created through standard methods of selection, already suffer grim afflictions. “Pug dogs have been bred to have flat faces, but this makes it difficult for them to breath. They suffer from air hunger and many collapse. Similarly, Cavalier King Charles spaniels have been bred to have such small heads that their skulls are too small for their brains and they suffer considerable pain.

    In principle, gene editing should offer a far more humane alternative to selective breeding for all domestic animals
    Biologist Willard Eyestone

“We have to move away from the idea that we can pick our companion animals purely because of their cuteness and size. The idea of creating micro-pigs is a very big step in the wrong direction.”

Geneticist Jens Boch at the Martin Luther University in Germany was also cautious. “It’s questionable whether we should impact the life, health and well-being of other animal species on this planet light-heartedly,” he told Nature.

However, other scientists say there is no reason not to take the idea of genetically modified pets as a serious concept. “If the micro-pig is carefully evaluated and found to be equal in health compared to a normal pig and differs only in terms of size, there would be little scientific reason to block it from being offered as a pet,” said reproductive biologist Willard Eyestone, of Virginia State University.

“The ethics of the use of gene editing for altering traits in pets should be the subject of public debate,” he added. “We must bear in mind that we have been altering the genetic make-up of pets for millennia, using the comparatively imprecise method of … selective breeding, which sometimes results in less than healthy traits for the animal.

“In principle, gene editing should offer a far more predictable and humane alternative to selective breeding for all domestic animals.”

The creation of micro-pigs is not the first use of genetic engineering technology to create pets. For a £100,000 fee, pet owners can buy clones of their beloved cats or dogs after they have died by using DNA from their remains. For example, Edgar and Nina Otto from Florida kept the DNA of their dead labrador, Sir Lancelot, in frozen storage for a year before sending it to Sooam Biotech in South Korea, which created an embryo genetically identical to Lancelot which they have called Lancelot Encore.

However, these animals were created in the hope that they could exactly recreate a much-loved pet. The micro-pig is a new breed of animal, one that has been created using gene-editing technology – and that raises new ethical issues. “The micropigs produced by gene-editing are ‘cute’ for some people,” said Max Rothschild, of Iowa State University. “But they are still pigs and require that their owners know how to raise them properly. Gene editing of livestock is considered by some as a GM product, and hence anti-GM issues may play a role in comsumer acceptance.”

A few years ago, there was a fashion to own mini-pig pets. Victoria Beckham and Paris Hilton were pictured with them. These animals were created by standard breeding methods of Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs and as they grew older frequently outgrew their owners’ homes. A genetically edited micro-pig should not suffer this problem but could easily suffer other side-effects. “More to the point, this more trivial use of gene editing takes away from its important uses to improve livestock welfare, disease resistance and productivity,” added Rothschild.

 on: Oct 04, 2015, 12:44 PM 
Started by Deva - Last post by Deva
Thanks to all who participated in EA study group! The next class is scheduled for Saturday 10/24/15 starting at 10-11 AM  Pacific Time (this is a rescheduled EA study group originally scheduled for 10/3)
     The study group has recently completed reviewing Pluto in the natal chart through each house/sign (Pluto in Aries/1st house through Pluto in Pisces/12th house) and the planetary method of planetary of chart interpretation.  We will begin a new series which reviews the meaning of Chiron from an evolutionary point of view. To begin the next class We will review core EA principles (open Q and A as needed) and begin to discuss the specific meaning of Chiron in the natal chart. (the class will utilize case studies to demonstrate how to interpret Chiron in the natal chart).

Birth Data: (Chiron in Libra/7th house)

1)Susan Sarandon: October 4, 1946, 2:25 PM New York (NY) (United States)

2) Dane Rudhyar: Born:   March 23, 1895, 1:00 AM Paris (France)

Dial-in Number:    1-605-475-6333
Participant Access Code:    9890099

Recordings of previous classes are available (please contact Deva via email at


Deva Green, Jeffrey Wolf Green's daughter, has stated a monthly phone class for all who are interested in learning and discussing the core principles of E.A. These phone classes will be a forum in which we can discuss and apply the main principles of Evolutionary Astrology as an interactive group (study/practice group).

     The first class was Saturday Oct.19th 2013, from 10am- 11am PT.  We began with the core correlations of Pluto and their meaning from an evolutionary point of view in the birth chart.  We discuss Pluto and its correlation to the Soul, its meaning from an individual as well as generational point of view, and practice interpreting specific Pluto placements (house and sign locality) in the birth chart. The classes are open to Q and A as well. We are applying the various components of the “Pluto Paradigm”  using case studies, and review/discuss core principles that students/study group want to develop/understand further. If you would like to participate in these monthly classes, please contact
Deva at

Dial-in Number:    1-605-475-6333
Participant Access Code:    9890099

Recordings of previous classes are available (please contact Deva via email at

 on: Oct 04, 2015, 08:51 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
NASA: Water found on Mars - 2015 Discovery Science Universe Documentary

Click to watch this documentary:

Universe Documentaries 2015: Latest Secrets of Mars..National Geographic Documentary

Click to watch:

 on: Oct 04, 2015, 08:45 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
After Mars, hunt for water and life goes deep into the solar system

The Guardian
03 Oct 2015 at 22:50 ET                   

Without water, life as we understand it would be impossible. It is the one substance upon which our existence depends. And now it has been found streaking down the red, dusty slopes of the hills of Mars.

The discovery, announced by Nasa last week , that the Red Planet has running water has provided scientists who are seeking life there with a major boost. As Jim Green, Nasa’s director of planetary science, put it: “If you look at Earth, water is an essential ingredient. Wherever we find water, we find life.”

Hence the international acclaim for the discovery, although the hunt for water, and life, in the solar system is not restricted to Mars. Indeed, astronomers have recently found that our solar system is awash with tantalising pools of the stuff, including several moons of both Jupiter and Saturn. Now researchers are competing for funds to back projects to study these very different, remarkable worlds, even though some are found more than a billion miles from the nurturing warmth of the sun.

It is a tour of the solar system that takes us deep into space, though it begins at Mars, one of our nearest planetary neighbours. Space engineers have been sending probes there for decades, but until recently their record was poor, with a substantial number either missing or crashing into their target s. Success rates have improved over the past decade, however. As a result, there are now five satellites in orbit round Mars, all returning data, while two robot rovers continue to trundle across its surface.

Nevertheless, it has taken this armada a very long time to find evidence of water on the planet, which shows how inhospitable and arid conditions are on Mars. Its atmospheric pressure is only 0.6% of Earth’s and its surface is bombarded by ultraviolet radiation. Any reservoirs of water or deposits of lifeforms will exist only underground, scientists believe. Finding them will be tricky.

One bold effort will be made by Europe’s ExoMars lander mission in 2018. Launched on a Russian Proton rocket, it is designed to set down a robot rover that is under construction at Astrium’s construction plant in Stevenage, Hertfordshire. The rover will be fitted with a long drill that will allow samples to be taken from depths of two metres. These will then be analysed for signs of biological activity.

“ExoMars is designed to identify complex organic materials, but in a way that will allow scientists on Earth to determine if they were produced by living organisms or by straightforward chemical activity,” said Ralph Cordley, a project leader for the ExoMars mission. “The fact that we now have found signs of running water on the Martian surface is tremendously encouraging, of course.”

Water on Mars remains a tantalising prospect, nevertheless – in contrast to several other parts of the solar system where it exists in abundance. Of these, Europa – one of the main moons of Jupiter – is probably the most striking. Covered in a coat of ice, it is the smoothest object in the solar system (with the possible exception of George Clooney) and is known to have a reservoir of water, mixed with organic materials, deep below its surface.

This alien ocean is also considered to be a likely place to find life and two separate missions – to be launched around 2020 – are now being designed to study Europa: the US Europa mission and the European Juice – Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer – mission. The latter will also investigate Jupiter’s moons Ganymede and Callisto. By contrast the US mission will concentrate on Europa, making dozens of sweeps over its surface in an attempt to detect any complex, organic material that might evaporate from its surface.

“If there is life in Europa, it almost certainly was completely independent from the origin of life on Earth,” said Robert Pappalardo, the mission project scientist. “Europa is so important because we want to understand: are we alone in the universe?”

Not everyone agrees with this idea of Europa’s prime importance, however. John Zarnecki, a director at the International Space Science Institute in Berne, Switzerland, believes an even more distant target provides richer promise of finding watery life in the solar system: Titan. Orbiting the planet Saturn one billion kilometres from Earth, the moon, which has a thick atmosphere of nitrogen, has been revealed to be a world with lakes and seas of methane on its surface.

“It also has great stretches of dunes and complex hydrocarbons,” said Zarnecki, who helped design key instruments for the Huygens probe that landed on Titan in 2005. “Most exciting of all, however, are the signs – provided by radar studies of Titan – that it also has a subsurface ocean and that could provide a home for primitive life,” said Zarnecki. “Titan probably has a warm core which is keeping that layer of water in a warm liquid state. Thus, we have the prospect of a rich soup of hydrocarbons, created on the surface, and which could be filtering through Titan’s crust to a subterranean ocean. Perfect for life. There could be colonies of bugs thriving down there.”

Titan is remote, and drilling down through its surface to an underground ocean will be extraordinarily difficult. One idea is to land a spaceship on one of Titan’s lakes of methane, where it could sail around searching for complex organic chemicals, the precursors of life. However, the mission – the Titan Mare Explorer (TiME) – was recently vetoed by senior Nasa officials , although Zarnecki and others hope it will be resurrected.

Titan is not the only moon of Saturn to attract attention, however. Observations by the robot craft Cassini, which has been orbiting Saturn since 2004, have shown that, at the south pole of Enceladus, an underground ocean appears to rise close to the surface. And at a few sites cracks have developed, allowing water to bubble to the little moon’s surface before being vented into space. In addition, complex organic chemicals appear to have built up in its sea. The importance of this combination of factors is stressed by Nasa astrobiologist Chris McKay. “Enceladus is a small world with an ocean below its icy surface. Even better, plumes from that ocean are vented into space and that means easy access. This is the place to go,” he insists.

Detailed plans have been prepared to launch a probe that would sweep across Enceladus’s surface to gather droplets of water in its plumes. Instruments in the spacecraft, called the Enceladus Life Finder, would then analyse those droplets for amino acids, carbon isotopes and other features that would indicate biological activity. “We would also study Enceladus’s ocean in detail as well as the plumes of water it produces,” said the project leader, Jonathan Lunine. “It may be a sterile ocean – or it could clearly be a place where there is life.” If the latter, then a later mission would be designed to bring samples back to Earth.

The project has been backed by several leading scientists, but recently suffered a major setback when Nasa removed it from its list of forthcoming planetary missions. “We will redesign the project and resubmit, but there is no doubt this has set us back two or three years,” said Lunine. It is doubtful that a mission could reach Enceladus before 2030. Nor is there much prospect, at present, for a mission to Titan to get there any earlier.

“Mars and Europa are the two frontrunners now,” Lunine acknowledged. “Whether it stays that way is another matter.”


A molecule of water consists of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen. The origins of these elements are intriguing. The former are the direct leftovers of the big bang 13.8 billion years ago, when the universe exploded into existence, spraying out particles that eventually coalesced into protons and electrons, the building blocks of hydrogen. Later those hydrogen atoms formed clouds, which began to shrink and rotate. Stars were created from these clouds and the nuclei of hydrogen atoms fused to form those of helium. These fused, in turn, to make carbon and then oxygen. Then the stars exploded, spraying space with oxygen, which later combined with hydrogen to form water.

 on: Oct 03, 2015, 10:33 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Sree
Hi Rad
Thanks for  clarifying

 on: Oct 03, 2015, 08:46 AM 
Started by Steve - Last post by Rad
Slavery in America was much worse than you probably imagined

Steven Rosenfeld, AlterNet
03 Oct 2015 at 09:58 ET                   

This August, when Hillary Clinton met with Black Lives Matter protesters, they told her that ongoing violence and prejudice against blacks was part of a long historic continuum where, for example, today’s prison system descended from the old Southern plantations. Slavery, Clinton replied, was the “original sin… that America has not recovered from.”

But how much do modern Americans really know about slavery in colonial America? In the genocide of Native Americans? In the War of Independence or the drafting of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights? Or afterward for decades until the Civil War? Chances are, not very much. Not that slaves, for example, were money in the antebellum South—currency and credit—which led to the enforced, systematic break-up of black families in generation after generation. There was no national currency, and little silver or gold, but there was paper tied to slaves bought on credit whose offspring were seen as a dividend that grew over time.

That’s just one of the riveting and revolting details from a new book, The American Slave Coast: A History of The Slave Breeding Industry, by Ned and Constance Sublette. They trace other telling details that are not found in traditional American history books, where slavery is usually described as an amoral but cheap labor system. For example, have you read about the rivalry between Virginia and South Carolina, which had competing slave economies?

Virginia was the epicenter of a slave breeding industry, in which enslaved women were expected to be constantly pregnant, were sold off if they didn’t produce children, and sometimes were force-mated to achieve that end. The offspring were sold to newer settlers and those migrating west. Charleston, South Carolina, in contrast, was colonial America’s slave importing and exporting port. In the late seventeenth century, Carolina exported captured native Americans as slaves to Caribbean plantation islands, gradually replacing them with imported laborers. As the South was emptied of native Americans and American plantations grew, South Carolina became the major slave importer in the colonies and in the early republic. Virginia eventually won out when Congress, at President Thomas Jefferson’s urging, banned slave importation as of January 1, 1808—protectionism, say the Sublettes, for Virginia’s slave-breeding industry, and sold to the public as protection against the alleged terrorism of “French negroes” from Haiti. After that, a new interstate slave trade grew, propelled by territories and new states that wanted slavery, and by the breeders who wanted new markets. Thus, the slave-breeding economy spread south and west, driving the expansion of the U.S. into new territories.

Slavery, as the Sublettes describe it, wasn’t a sidebar to early American history and a new nation’s growth. It was front and center—protected by law and prejudice, custom and greed. The enslaved were unloaded, sold, and taken (women’s necks tied with rope, men’s necks put in chains) via major roads, steamboats, and passing through cities and villages to their destination. Newspapers, owned by Benjamin Franklin, sold advertising for buying and selling slaves. All of this unfolded in full sight, with prosperous settlers assuming that slaves were a necessity for daily living and accumulating wealth. For generations, the property value of slaves was the largest asset in America.

The authors, Ned and Constance Sublette, are not traditional scholars, but gifted cultural historians. Ned Sublette, who was born in Lubbock, Texas, and lived in Natchitoches, Louisiana as a boy, was trained as a musician and created the record company Qbadisc  in the 1990s—featuring top Cuban artists long before Ry Cooder’s Buena Vista Social Club. His book Cuba and Its Music is considered by many to be the most authoritative on the island’s unique mix of African and European traditions and musical heritage. He realized that the conditions of different forms of slavery—French, Spanish, American—accounted for key differences between Afro-Latin and African-American culture. His second book, The World That Made New Orleans, deconstructs how successive waves of slave importation, under Spanish, French and then American rule, created that city’s music. But throughout his research, working with his wife, Constance, the Sublettes realized that the history of slavery—especially its most vicious form that took hold in North America—was largely untold, unknown, and explained much about the violence, racism and exploitation that is at the core of U.S. history. The American Slave Coast is the result of 15 years of inquiry.

It’s an epic volume—668 pages before footnotes and citations—and a lot to digest. But if Americans are ever to come to terms with the anti-black violence that endures today, it is necessary to understand the roots of an economy and culture that has needed and feared Africans. For example, take Jefferson and America’s founding documents: the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Most Americans know that slaves had no rights. Or they know that the slave-owning Jefferson cynically wrote, “All men are created equal” in the Declaration, and owned slaves and had several slave children. But they probably don’t realize how the Constitution and Bill of Rights enshrined into law an economic system where the major form of property was slaves, and created a government to protect the wealth of that system’s upper class.

Today’s right-wing fetish about the Constitution’s perfection ignores input by prominent Virginians and Carolinians, including many signers of the Declaration of Independence, to protect slave property. As their book points out, the gun-toting militias sanctioned by the Second Amendment were a guarantee that slave owners could hunt and kill escaped slaves and Native Americans. The Sublettes stunningly trace how fear (of slave revolts) and self-interest (protecting slave-tied wealth) played a major role in framing America’s founding documents. But they go further and demonstrate why Jefferson is the the founding theorist of white supremacy in America.

It’s not just that Jefferson owned slaves, including his own children who were 7/8ths white. Nor was it his letters with the leading men of his day—like George Washington—explaining how owning slaves was better than other investments. Nor was it his ugly and racist description of blacks in Notes From The State of Virginia, where in the 1780s he wrote, “Their griefs are transient. Those numberless afflictions… are less felt, and sooner forgotten with them. In general, their existence appears to participate more of sensation than reflection.” Mostly, it was Jefferson’s lifelong belief that slaves could not be freed but had to be deported en masse, because sizeable numbers of ex-slaves would take up arms and annihilate slave-owning whites. These prejudices, fears and draconian remedies reverberate today—such as Donald Trump’s bid to deport 11 million migrants.

The American Slave Coast starts with the horrible truth that America—unlike the French and Spanish colonies in the Caribbean—was a slave-breeding society from colonial times through emancipation. There was no path to freedom for slaves, because, say the Sublettes, “no escape from the asset column could be permitted.” Black families were intentionally broken up as part of creating an economic system for a new nation. As Ned Sublette said, “Writing this book revolutionized our understanding of our history.” Constance Sublette adds, “No matter how bad you thought slavery was, it was worse than that.”

 on: Oct 03, 2015, 07:43 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Texas veterinarian who killed elderly couple’s cat with bow and arrow may soon lose license to practice

Bethania Palma Markus
02 Oct 2015 at 15:42 ET                   

A Texas woman who shot an elderly couple’s pet cat through the head with an arrow may soon lose her veterinary license, the Dodo reports.

Kristen Lindsey, who was a vet at the Washington Animal Clinic before being fired in April, bragged on Facebook about killing the cat, named Tiger, with a bow and arrow. The gruesome post contained a picture of a smiling Lindsey holding up a big orange-and-white tabby by the arrow embedded in the cat’s head.

“My first bow kill, lol,” she had written on the photo. “The only good feral tomcat is one with an arrow through it’s sic head! Vet of the year award … Gladly accepted.”

Not so much. The photo elicited outrage that included death threats against Lindsey. People organized under the banner “Tiger’s Justice Team.” And the cat was not feral. It was a pet cared for by an elderly couple that liked to ride around on their farm tractor and even had a pet sitter.

The cat had gone missing the same day Lindsey posted the photo.

As a result of the outcry, Lindsey was fired from the animal clinic in April.

In June, a grand jury chose not to indict her on animal cruelty charges, citing insufficient proof..( a dead cat with an arrow through it's head, and the evil women holding it, is not enough 'proof' for the grand jury in Texas ). But that wasn’t the end of it. The cat’s self-appointed justice squad wanted to see to it that Lindsey would face some punishment for killing the cat.

Now the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners has voted to revoke her license. Lindsey has rejected the call to voluntarily comply, meaning her case will go before the State Office of Administrative Hearings, where a final decision is expected to be made in early 2016, KBTX reports.

“While Lindsey still has a license to practice veterinary medicine in Texas, we are encouraged to see this matter moving in the right direction,” wrote the Animal Legal Defense Fund in a Facebook update.

“I was a federal agent 32 years in law enforcement and I know that serial killers start with animals,” Lynne Jennings, director of dog rescue organization K-9 Airlift, told KBTX outside the court house in June.

Watch video of Tiger riding around on a tractor with his pet sitter, Amy Hemsell, posted to YouTube here:


Texas veterinarian fired after bragging online about killing a cat with a bow and arrow

Arturo Garcia
Raw Story
17 Apr 2015 at 20:46 ET                   

A veterinarian in Brenham, Texas lost her job and has allegedly received death threats after posting a picture online of herself with a cat she killed with a bow and arrow, KBTX-TV reported on Friday.

Officials at the Washington Animal Clinic terminated Kristen Lindsey’s employment after the picture from her Facebook page surfaced on Thursday. Lindsey can be seen holding the arrow, which is stuck inside the animal’s head.

“My first bow kill, lol,” she wrote. “The only good feral tomcat is one with an arrow through it’s [sic] head! Vet of the year award … Gladly accepted.”

Lindsey took down her page after criticism began flooding in, but at one point she bragged that she would not lose her job over killing the cat, stating, “Like someone would get rid of me. I’m awesome!”

Instead, her name was covered up on the facility’s sign by Friday afternoon. The clinic reportedly received more than 500 phone calls denouncing Lindsey’s actions.

“Our goal now is to go on and try to fix our black eye and hope that people are reasonable and understand that those actions don’t anyway portray what we’re for here at Washington Animal Clinic,” said another veterinarian at the clinic, Bruce Buenger. “We put our heart and soul into this place.”

While Lindsey apparently believed that the cat was feral, a local animal rescue organization, True Blue Animal Rescue, identified it as a missing 6-year-old foster cat that had been taken in by a local elderly couple.

The San Antonio Express News reported that Lindsey also faces possible criminal charges for animal abuse.

“This kind of stuff shouldn’t happen in our society,” Austin County Sheriff Jack Brandes said. “It’s a very sad thing. Hopefully we will get to the bottom of it and get the truth, 100 percent truth, and get it to the DA and put it in his hands if it needs to go any further.”

WBTX also said on that it disabled comments on its website regarding Lindsey’s actions “due to repetitive violations of our terms of use, including death threats made against the veterinarian.”

 on: Oct 03, 2015, 05:22 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Moscow and Kiev in 'positive mood' over talks to end east Ukraine conflict

Paris talks also involving France and Germany see Russia pushing for Ukraine to take back legal control of territories

Shaun Walker in Moscow
Friday 2 October 2015 23.47 BST

Russian and Ukrainian officials have expressed cautious optimism following a long bout of negotiations in Paris to end the conflict in east Ukraine which has raged for a year and cost more than 8,000 lives.

A Kremlin spokesman described the talks – which involved the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany – as “businesslike”, although Ukraine’s president Petro Poroshenko cautioned that the conflict would only end when “the last piece of Ukrainian territory was freed”, according to Interfax Ukraine.

“There is a hope that despite the delays in implementing [the Minsk agreement], steps have been made and overall we can talk about a positive mood that we could have this meeting today and discuss important things,” said the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, after the talks.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande at a press conference
Angela Merkel and François Hollande in Paris. Before the Ukraine summit each held bilateral talks with Vladimir Putin on Russia’s intervention in Syria. Photograph: Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images

When the four leaders last met in Minsk, Belarus in February, they spoke for 16 hours in marathon overnight talks which resulted in a new ceasefire agreement to augment the first Minsk agreement signed in September last year. The ceasefire was largely ignored for months but in recent weeks there has been almost full quiet on the front lines, as Russia pushes for Ukraine to take back legal control of the territories. Russia has denied military involvement in the conflict despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary.

François Hollande, the French president, said the elections planned for October in the rebel territories, which Kiev had denounced as illegal, would “probably” not take place yet and said he hoped Ukraine would pass a new law which allowed the vote to take place and would guarantee a full amnesty for all those taking part. This suggestion, which could effectively see rebel military commanders elected under Ukrainian law, will be unpalatable to many in Kiev.

The Donetsk rebels had planned to hold elections on 18 October, while the Luhansk statelet had set elections for 1 November. The compromise plan would involve the Ukrainian parliament passing a law stating these elections were indeed legal, but they would be organised by the rebels. Aside from the emotional issue of the amnesty, Ukraine had been uneasy about this suggestion, feeling it would push the territories back inside Ukraine legally and financially, but Kiev would still have no political control.

The long-planned talks were overshadowed by Russia’s dramatic entry into the Syrian conflict this week, with Vladimir Putin holding bilateral meetings with Merkel and Hollande before the four-way meeting.

It has been a busy diplomatic week for Putin, who has not been a frequent guest in western capitals over the past year; starting at the UN general assembly in New York on Monday, where Putin gave a speech calling for a global coalition against Islamic State and spent 90 minutes in talks with the US president Barack Obama.

The four leaders met alone for an hour and a half, before moving to broader format talks that included ministers and aides for the rest of the discussions.

As Russia enters war in Syria, conflict in Ukraine begins to wind down..Read more:

With the rebels, Kiev and Moscow all fatigued by military action, some kind of imperfect and uneasy solution appeared possible in the runup to Friday’s meeting.

In an interview last week in Donetsk, rebel leader Alexander Khodakovsky told the Guardian that the military stage of the conflict had come to a close, even if it did not please radical voices on all sides.

“We will be de jure inside Ukraine but will live by our own laws and leaders. Depending on how the political situation inside Ukraine and Russia develops, the next stage will be either increased stability leading to some kind of lasting settlement, or renewed conflict.”

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