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 61 
 on: Jun 29, 2016, 05:11 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
June 29, 2016

Mars used to have an Earth-like atmosphere

by Brett Smith
Red Orbit

An analysis of Martian rocks by NASA's Curiosity rover has indicated the Red Planet used to have a higher level of oxygen in its atmosphere than it currently does, according to a new report in Geophysical Research Letters.

Scientists discovered high amounts of manganese oxides using a laser device on the rover. This telltale sign of higher oxygen amounts in Mars' early atmosphere adds to other Curiosity findings that revealed how Earth-like the nearby planet used to be.

This study also adds critical context to other clues regarding atmospheric oxygen levels in Mars' past. The manganese oxides were discovered in mineral veins located within a region the Curiosity mission has focused on to understand the timeline of ancient Martian ecological conditions. Within that context, the greater oxygen level can be associated with a time when groundwater sat in Mars’ Gale Crater, where the rover has been exploring.

"The only ways on Earth that we know how to make these manganese materials involve atmospheric oxygen or microbes," Nina Lanza, a planetary scientist with NASA, said in a news release. "Now we're seeing manganese oxides on Mars, and we're wondering how the heck these could have formed?"

Finding could lead to discovery of microbial life on Mars

While the possibility of microbes evolving on Mars has seemed remote thus far, the new study indicates a significant chance of microbial activity.

"These high manganese materials can't form without lots of liquid water and strongly oxidizing conditions,” Lanza said. “Here on Earth, we had lots of water but no widespread deposits of manganese oxides until after the oxygen levels in our atmosphere rose."

In Earth's geological record, high levels of manganese oxide minerals are a critical marker of the significant change in our atmosphere's composition, from fairly low oxygen to the oxygen-rich atmosphere we see today. The existence of the same kinds of materials on Mars indicates that oxygen amounts rose there, too, before falling to their present levels.

"One potential way that oxygen could have gotten into the Martian atmosphere is from the breakdown of water when Mars was losing its magnetic field," Lanza said. "It's thought that at this time in Mars' history, water was much more abundant."

Without a magnetic field to guard the planet’s surface, ionizing radiation would split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. Because of Mars' relatively low gravity, the planet wasn't able to retain hydrogen atoms. However, heavier oxygen atoms remained behind, got trapped in rocks and caused the rusty red dust we see on Mars today. While the red iron oxides need just mildly-oxidizing situation to develop, manganese oxides need a strong-oxidizing environment.

"It's hard to confirm whether this scenario for Martian atmospheric oxygen actually occurred,” Lanza said. “But it's important to note that this idea represents a departure in our understanding for how planetary atmospheres might become oxygenated."

 62 
 on: Jun 29, 2016, 05:08 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
June 28, 2016

Dwarf planet Makemake has a moon, astronomers find

by Chuck Bednar
Red Orbit

Makemake, a dwarf planet and one of the largest Kuiper Belt objects discovered to date, has a moon, according to a new study led by astronomers at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and published in Monday’s edition of Astrophysical Journal Letters.

The elusive, dark satellite was difficult to find, lead author Dr. Alex Parker and his colleagues explained in a statement, as much of its orbit is spent almost directly within the glare of the icy dwarf planet due to a nearly edge-on configuration. The newfound moon is believed to be less than 100 miles wide, while Makemake itself is approximately 870 miles across.

First discovered in 2005, Makemake is a football-shaped planet that has a diameter roughly two-thirds that of Pluto’s and his covered in frozen methane, according to the study authors. The new moon, which has been dubbed MK2, is much 1,300 times darker than the Kuiper Belt object that it orbits, and was found using the Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 instrument.

“Makemake’s moon proves that there are still wild things waiting to be discovered, even in places people have already looked,” said Dr. Parker. MK2’s detection means that all four of the currently-designated dwarf planets are home to at least one satellite, according to SwRI.

Research could lead to discovery of other previously undetected moons

The authors of the new study are not the first to search for a moon around Makemake, but previous attempts to locate the satellite proved unfruitful. Now, the successful discovery of MK2 has astronomers hopeful that they may also find previously undetected satellites orbiting other large Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs).

Before findings MK2, researchers believed the fact that Makemake lacked a moon meant that it might have escaped a giant impact event during its past. Now, they plan to investigate its density to see if the moon was formed by such a collision, or if the object has been pulled in by the dwarf planet’s gravity. Based on the abundance of moons orbiting KBOs, the study authors believe that impact events are common among these dwarf planets.

The findings will also prove beneficial in other ways, Dr. Parker explained: “With a moon, we can calculate Makemake’s mass and density. We can contrast the orbits and properties of the parent dwarf and its moon, to understand the origin and history of the system. We can compare Makemake and its moon to other systems, and broaden our understanding of the processes that shaped the evolution of our solar system.”

 63 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 10:20 AM 
Started by frespana - Last post by frespana
What does one person's Pluto conjunct other person's south node mean?

 64 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 08:04 AM 
Started by Gonzalo - Last post by Gonzalo
Hola a todos los lectores,

Seguimos con este tópico sobre la Luna, el Ego y las distorsiones del ego patriarcal.

La Luna se correlaciona con las emociones, y con el cuerpo emocional. La lección última de este arquetipo es que la fuente de aquello que llamamos seguridad emocional, es interior al Self. La represión de la naturaleza emocional, creada por el orden patriarcal – Capricornio -  y las creencias creadas por los hombres para justificar esa represión, ha sido un factor determinante en la proyección de la seguridad emocional en fuentes externas: una posición o rol social, la pertenencia a un grupo mayor, una familia, otra persona. Sin embargo, existe la experiencia universal de que todas esas fuentes externas o proyectadas de seguridad emocional pueden ser removidas-Plutón. Esto significa que la seguridad emocional proyectada es ilusoria. Aun así, cuando esas fuentes de seguridad proyectada son removidas de formas plutonianas, el efecto común es que se produzca una intensa inseguridad, la cual se correlaciona con la Luna y con Plutón, Cáncer y Escorpio, la Casa IV y la Casa VIII.

Debido a que La Luna se correlaciona con la madre, y con la familia de nacimiento, este arquetipo se correlaciona con el impacto de las condiciones tempranas que existen en el entorno del niño, el entorno parental en que ocurre el desarrollo, en cómo se forma la personalidad.  Refleja los tipos de estados emocionales, basados en tipos de experiencias en el entorno temprano, a través de los cuales el individuo se ha subjetivado: tipos de experiencias a través de las cuales ha obtenido una sensación consciente de ser que están asociadas a imágenes de sí, y que en total constituyen una autoimagen y resultan familiares por los que proveen seguridad basada en la familiaridad.
   
A través de Cáncer, la Luna, la Casa IV, aprendemos auto-conocimiento emocional. Este aprendizaje se ve experiencialmente inducido por los estados internos emocionales, afectivos, y fisiológicos, que definen la naturaleza interna de la vida misma, momento a momento. Los estados internos que ocurren momento a momento – Luna - pueden tener grados relativos de intensidad, y el nivel de intensidad estará reflejado en la signatura natal a través del arquetipo de la Luna, la Casa IV, Cáncer, y/o Plutón, la Casa VIII, Escorpio.
Un ejemplo muy simple podría ser una conjunción Luna/Plutón. En algunos casos aquí existirá una intensidad máxima de estados emocionales, los cuales muchas veces son progresivamente ‘descubiertos’ por el propio nativo cuando ellos sean ‘gatillados’ en experiencias de la vida que amenazan, por lo menos desde un punto de vista subjetivo, su seguridad emocional y psicológica. Por ejemplo, es una signatura que implica potencialmente hiperactividad del sistema de memoria de la amígdala, basada en experiencias cataclísmicas emocionales o psicológicas de vidas anteriores y/o de la niñez en esta vida, ie. e entorno parental temprano, la madre. En algunos casos han pre-existido, y pueden recrearse en esta vida, experiencias de pérdida o abandono en relación con figuras maternas o cuidadores. En algunos casos no ha existido ‘pérdida’ o ‘abandono’ como tales, pero así lo ha experimentado la persona en su niñez, basado en la intensidad de sus estados internos preexistentes o memorias asociadas, incluso en casos en que la madre o la familia han sido acogedoras y han velado con amor por su bienestar. Otras veces la figura materna o alguien cercano han sido abusivas y así han amenazado el bienestar y el desarrollo del niño, produciendo intensa inseguridad emocional y afectando directamente la auto-imagen y el cuerpo emocional. Algunas veces la madre ha sido manipuladora, o haya sido experimentada como omnipotente. En algunos casos incluso, podrán existir abusos sexuales por parte de la madre. En muchos casos, ha existido una intensidad de estados emocionales-pensamientos, afectos, estados afectivos, niveles fisiológicos-en la madre, en la niñez y en la gestación. No es poco frecuente que a veces han existido emociones negativas, o pensamientos negativos en relación con el bebé o el niño, ya sea provenientes directamente de la madre, o de alguien más en la familia. Hay que tener presente que los bebés y los niños pequeños no tienen un ego formado, y no tienen un sentido de límites. Su ‘auto-imagen’ es dependiente del entorno emocional de la madre y la familia. Así, absorben los estados emocionales del entorno como si fueran propios. Los estados emocionales han sido internalizados por el individuo, pero no se encuentran resueltos, y por lo tanto, potencialmente serán asociados o gatillados por dinámicas de su propia vida, a fin de acceder conscientemente – Luna - a la intensidad de esos estados internos.

Debido a que esos estados emocionales internos no se encuentran resueltos, ellos pueden manifestarse a través de una necesidad de intensidad en ciertas dinámicas interpersonales, relaciones-la cuadratura natural entre Cáncer y Libra -a través de escenas, displays y ‘pataletas’, o toda clase de manipulaciones emocionales y psicológicas. A la vez, los individuos pueden atraer a otros individuos que manifiestan esas dinámicas para ellos. Por ejemplo, otros individuos que exijan una atención irrestricta, planteen una demanda de atención y nutrición que nunca se satisface ni se reconoce, o sean manipuladores o intenten controlar o herir emocional o psicológicamente al individuo. Esos individuos monitorean momento a momento su entorno emocional inmediato, como sea que este se defina para ellos, en busca de cualquier elemento que no esté ‘en su punto’ o que, de cualquier manera, desafíe o amenace sus proyecciones de seguridad o su auto-imagen.  Si eso es percibido, incluso de forma subconsciente, se activarán intensos estados emocionales en respuesta. De esa forma, estarán potencialmente en muchos casos, recreando estados emocionales no resueltos de la niñez.
Todos estos tipos de experiencias han creado intensas dinámicas emocionales que en algunos casos han alcanzado niveles extremos – dependiendo del simbolismo de la carta natal. Estos individuos necesitan ‘apagarse’ emocionalmente en forma cíclica para recargarse, y experimentar ‘muertes’ simbólicas para regenerarse.   

Cuando existe una conexión de este tipo entre los arquetipos de Plutón y la Luna en la carta, como Plutón/Luna o Plutón en la Casa IV, etc., preexiste una intención evolutiva en curso que es hacer una metamorfosis – Plutón – de la estructura del ego o personalidad, en función de las necesidades de su Alma y la naturaleza interior de su Alma, en vez de que sea el ego quien pretende controlar las variables externas de las que depende su seguridad o su auto-imagen.  Este proceso involucra profundas dimensiones psicológicas porque lo que está siendo removido son fijaciones en la estructura del ego que están en pie porque directamente representan seguridad psicológica de fondo para el Alma. A la vez, puede involucrar aspectos muy dolorosos o difíciles psicológicamente. Muchas veces, los contenidos internos estarán periódicamente irrumpiendo o erupcionando en la psique consciente, a veces superando los recursos normales o conocidos del individuo para ‘vérselas’ con ellas, e induciendo o forzando necesarios, nuevos niveles de auto-conocimiento. 

La intención evolutiva implícita en el arquetipo de Cáncer, la Casa IV, es que se desplace el foco de la conciencia en la búsqueda de seguridad o contención, hacia el interior del individuo, en vez de proyectarla en alguien o algo exterior. En el Zodíaco natural Cáncer – el ego/personalidad - está en trígono con Escorpio – el Alma – y en trígono con Piscis – la Fuente del Alma, el Creador de todas las Cosas. De una forma similar a como el Alma es creada por su Fuente, el ego encarnado es creado por el Alma en cada vida. Y a la vez, el individuo puede, conscientemente, abrazar los deseos de internalizar la conciencia dentro de si y satisfacer sus propias necesidades emocionales, integrando progresivamente el cuerpo emocional y así penetrando capas cada vez más profundas de autoconocimiento. Con el tiempo, la internalización y profundización del foco de la conciencia del ego en el Alma, permite integrar más del Alma en el ego o auto-imagen, lo cual a su vez conduce a su tiempo a percibir interiormente a la Fuente del Alma. Esto es lo que se llama en la AE, la Trinidad del Agua: Cáncer, Escorpio, Piscis. En térmicos de la seguridad emocional que alguien puede buscar, esta Trinidad enseña que en definitiva, cualquier seguridad proyectada es ilusoria. Por lo tanto, no existe realmente la seguridad emocional sobre una base realista. Sí puede existir en algunos casos, cuando la personalidad de un Alma se forma consistentemente de manera sana en un entorno nutritivo, una confianza básica de que las cosas tendrían que salir bien. Pero la seguridad como tal es ilusoria, y lo que es real es la inseguridad. Aceptar este hecho experiencial es necesario para buscar interiormente la Fuente de la conciencia, la Fuente del Alma, a fin de unirse – Escorpio – a esa Fuente – Piscis. 

Como dije, las dinámicas emocionales y psicológicas de fondo simbolizadas en la conjunción o aspecto Plutón/Luna, serán en cada caso relativas a la configuración de la carta natal individual, y especialmente al eje evolutivo principal de la carta natal: Plutón y su punto de polaridad, los Nodos Lunares, los planetas regentes de los nodos, y los aspectos de estos y demás planetas al eje nodal. Esto se debe a que Plutón y el eje evolutivo principal de la carta se correlaciona con los tipos de deseos de fondo que han existido en todas las vidas pasadas que han llegado a la vida presente, y por ello reflejan cómo el individuo ha creado su propia realidad en total. Por poner un ejemplo simplificado, supongamos que existe una conjunción Plutón/Luna en la Casa X. El punto de partida, el primer bloque de significado para interpretar la carta natal, será el arquetipo de Plutón en la Casa X. Con Plutón en la Casa X, podemos saber que han existido en el Alma, en un ciclo evolutivo nuevo o reciente – arquetipo cardinal - deseos de fondo de establecer el propio sentido de autoridad en relación con un contexto social. Debido a los deseos de tener autoridad o liderazgo en los términos aceptados por la sociedad de nacimiento, el individuo puede muchas veces tomar para sí mucho de las formas de ser de esa sociedad. Debido a la existencia de tales tipos de deseos, muchos individuos pueden nacer a través de familias biológicas, en esa serie de vidas, en la cual su naturaleza emocional no será tomada en cuenta cuando niño. Esto se basa en que el individuo puede elegir nacer a través de familias que promuevan una disposición emocional que contribuya al ‘éxito’ del individuo en términos sociales, y que por lo tanto serán altamente represivas o enjuiciadoras respecto a la forma natural de ser del niño. Estos individuos, por estas razones, nacen en la vida presente con altos niveles de represión emocional. La vida emocional interior de estos individuos será altamente reprimida, y existirán profundos temores asociados a las dinámicas de enjuiciamiento. El individuo desarrollará una autoimagen de responsabilidad y auto-exigencia, consigo mismo y con otras personas muchas veces, incluso si no se permite pedir la ayuda de otros prefiriendo tener relaciones de naturaleza más bien jerárquica con otras personas. Será altamente exigente y muchas veces se castigará a si mismo o a otros si no están a la atura de sus estándares artificiales. A veces las dinámicas de enjuiciamiento pre-existentes pueden ser tan intensas, que el individuo pude totalmente rehuir cualquier potencial situación que represente la posibilidad de que sus dinámicas interiores reprimidas se hagan visibles. El temor se basa en el pensamiento ‘qué implicaría esto de mi’. Existirán dentro de las manipulaciones emocionales, intensas manipulaciones y/ o confrontaciones emocionales que van a involucrar a otras personas en el terreno de la carrera. Muchas veces esas confrontaciones reflejarán el impacto en el individuo de las formas de ser propias del consenso social de su sociedad de nacimiento. A través de esas confrontaciones y manipulaciones, de uno u otro lado, el individuo podrá devenir consciente e integrar estados emocionales y dinámicas que lo han orientado subconscientemente en sus deseos de avanzar, o que se han creado a través de su carrera. A la vez, el darse cuenta consciente de estas dinámicas permitirá la integración emocional si el individuo avanza en la intención de hacerse responsable de las consecuencias de sus propios actos y de sus estados internos – una intención fundamental de Plutón en la Casa X. Ello demandará que el individuo devenga consciente de cómo las dinámicas causales en tales confrontaciones o manipulaciones están asociadas a estados emocionales no resueltos provenientes de la niñez, al impacto de estos en la autoimagen, a las expectativas de corrección provenientes de la familia o la sociedad, o al impacto de dinámicas de enjuiciamiento basado en morales del consenso social. El individuo podrá comprender cómo todo esto ha condicionado los parámetros que definen las bases de sus juicios y su orientación a la carrera o a la realidad en general, al limitar su acceso a su propia realidad interior reprimida.

En la medida en que el individuo abrace la polaridad simbolizada en este caso por la Casa IV, y reflexione sobre el impacto del entorno parental temprano, y de la sociedad o la cultura por extensión, en cómo se ha construido emocional y psicológicamente a sí mismo, podrá reformular su autoimagen y devenir acogedor de si mismo y de otras personas. Al aprender que la seguridad emocional que buscan no depende en último término de su estatus o rol social, podrán avanzar hacia crear una autoimagen y un tipo de ego que sean consistente con lo que realmente son, en vez de cómo se supone que deben ser desde un punto de vista de los valores, estándares o creencias de su sociedad.

Si alguien quiere hacer preguntas, por favor siéntase libre de hacerlo. 

Bendiciones, Gonzalo

www.gonzaloromero.org

 65 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:49 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Maya
Hi Rad,

What could be the meaning of the South Node of Venus square the natal Pluto? I can imagine if the South Node of Venus is in Scorpio, conj. the South Node of Mars in the second house   square natal Pluto in 11 in Virgo , traumatic relationships were created by the soul in order to gain the self-reliance.

Maya

 66 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:26 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Hi Skywalker,

Right now I am just asking those participating in this thread, at this stage, to do this on their own instead of submitting an analysis of themselves.

If any questions occur about how to do this as we go along in these next steps then of course I would welcome those questions.

God Bless, Rad

 67 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:23 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Manta Rays Prefer Staycations Over Long Migrations

Oceanic manta rays travel long distances much less often than previously believed—with major implications for the species’ conservation.

Scientists have found that oceanic manta rays (Manta birostris) usually live their lives in distinct, local subpopulations, changing how conservationists approach protecting the mysterious fish species.

By Michael Greshko
National Geographic
PUBLISHED June 28, 2016

It turns out that humans aren’t the only species weary of long commutes: A new study reveals that manta rays living in the open ocean prefer staying close to home, rather than migrating over long distances.

The findings, based on years of tracking data, tissue samples, and genetic tests, are the latest to overturn long-held ideas about how the giant, mysterious fish eke out a living—and how they should be protected from overfishing.

Bigger than their reef-dwelling relatives, oceanic manta rays (Manta birostris) grow up to 23 feet (7 meters) wide and weigh up to 4,440 pounds (2 metric tons). They filter their food out of the water, snacking on plankton, fish eggs, krill, and occasionally small fish.

Scientists had long thought that oceanic manta rays migrated thousands of miles around the world to follow shifts in the distribution of their food, similar to the movements of other pelagic, or open-ocean, filter feeders such as baleen whales and whale sharks. Previous studies had even documented individual manta rays traveling hundreds of miles at a time.

Find out more about the mysterious migration of the world’s biggest fish: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/08/130821-whale-shark-satellite-tracking-migration-gulf-mexico-science/

“We sort of assumed that they were behaving the same way that other large pelagic species do,” says lead author Josh Stewart, a Ph.D. student at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego. (Stewart's work was supported in part by the National Geographic Society/Waitt Grants Program.)

But when Stewart and his colleagues used satellite tags to track 18 manta rays at sites in Mexico and Indonesia for up to six months at a time, they found that manta rays were far from long-distance travelers.

On the contrary, they seemed to prefer a short commute.

The tracking data, published Monday in Biological Conservation, indicated that 95 percent of the time, the manta rays at each site stayed in patches of ocean as small as 140 miles (220 kilometers) across and rarely if ever journeyed outside of them.

In Mexico, for instance, mantas tagged near the Revillagigedo Islands—some 373 miles (600 kilometers) off the country’s Pacific coast—never ventured to the coast, and vice versa.

And when the researchers analyzed tiny muscle samples taken from each tagged manta, they found that the mantas in each location had their own genetic and dietary quirks—shooting down the idea that they regularly traveled and mixed with other populations.

“The results are surprising, especially when considering the mantas off Mexico [and] that the overlap between populations isn't greater,” says Lydie Couturier, a manta expert at France’s Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer who wasn’t involved with the study.

Protecting the Gentle Giants

Couturier and Stewart say that the findings have major conservation implications for the species, which is currently listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Manta rays are frequently caught as bycatch and are hunted for their gill plates, a popular ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine.

“If you had a fishery that was drawing from the entire population of Indo-Pacific mantas, then killing 10 to a hundred mantas a year wouldn’t be a huge number, necessarily,” says Stewart. “But if there are these very local, isolated subpopulations, then you’re talking about removing half of the population in a year.”

Paradoxically, that vulnerability may also bring benefits, by intensifying pressure on regional and local governments to conserve mantas on their own.

Currently, oceanic mantas are protected mainly by two international agreements: CITES, which forbids the international trade of wild manta-based products, and the Convention on Migratory Species, which provides a framework for international agreements on manta conservation.

Both treaties have had their successes, says Stewart, but they are difficult to enforce because of the large numbers of countries involved. Local and regional agreements, however, have fewer stakeholders—speeding up the adoption of conservation protections.

“If we can see that there are discrete subpopulations within Mexican waters, that would enable Mexico as one country to protect breeding, sustainable pockets of these animals themselves,” says Guy Stevens, the founder and chief executive of the conservation nonprofit Manta Trust, which supported the research. “That doesn’t require any international agreement. They can get on with it [and] protect these animals.”

This kind of local-first strategy already has borne fruit. In 2013, conservation groups, including the Manta Trust, worked with the local government of Raja Ampat, an archipelago in northeast Indonesia, to create Indonesia’s first shark and manta ray sanctuary.

But more work remains, especially to figure out how manta rays survive by staying in one place while their similarly filter-feeding peers opt for wider travels.

Another Stewart-authored study, published in May in Zoology, suggests that manta rays instead travel vertically, swimming into deeper waters periodically to make their diets more varied. That hunch won’t be confirmed until researchers have video of the mantas’ feeding behaviors—a project National Geographic is currently supporting with its Crittercam initiative.

 68 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:17 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
U.S. Elections

Hillary Clinton And Elizabeth Warren Team Up To Devastate Donald Trump In Ohio

By Jason Easley on Mon, Jun 27th, 2016 at 12:31 pm
PoliticusUSA

Hillary Clinton and Elizabeth Warren didn't just campaign together in Ohio. The presumptive Democratic nominee and the senator from Massachusetts teamed up to rip Donald Trump apart.
Hillary Clinton And Elizabeth Warren Team Up To Devastate Donald Trump In Ohio

Hillary Clinton and Elizabeth Warren didn’t just campaign together in Ohio. The presumptive Democratic nominee and the senator from Massachusetts teamed up to rip Donald Trump apart.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G54qy1Vu4hI

During her introduction of Clinton, Sen. Warren said, “When Donald Trump says he’ll make America great, he means make it greater for rich guys just like Donald Trump. Great for the guys who don’t care how much they’ve already squeezed from everyone else. Great for the guys who always want more, because that’s who Donald Trump is. The guy who wants it all for himself, and watch out, because he will crush you into the dirt to get whatever he wants. That’s who he is. Just look at the evidence. Donald Trump cheered on Britain’s current crisis which has sucked billions of dollars out of your retirement accounts because he said, hey, it might bring more rich people to his new golf courses. He cheered on the 2008 housing crash because he could scoop up more real estate on the cheap, and he cheered on students desperate enough to sign up for his fake university so that he could bleed them dry and turn a profit for himself. What kind of a man does that? What kind of a man roots for people to lose their jobs, to lose their homes, to lose their life savings. I’ll tell you what kind of a man. A small insecure money grubber who fights for no one but himself. What kind of a man? A nasty man who will never become President Of The United States.”

Former Sec. of State Clinton hit Trump with the other of half of the one-two punch, “As Elizabeth made clear, Donald Trump proves every day that he’s not in it for the American people. He’s in it only for himself, and Elizabeth reminds of that every chance she gets because it is really important that voters here in Ohio and across America understand this. She exposes him for what he is. Temperamentally unfit, and totally unqualified to be President Of The United States.”

After she had discussed her plans for the economy, Clinton turned to Trump, “Ask yourself what are Donald Trump’s plans? Well, best I can tell, he has no credible strategy for creating jobs, and maybe we shouldn’t expect better from someone whose most famous words are you’re fired. He rails against other countries, doesn’t he? He says he’s for our workers, but Trump’s own products are made in a lot of countries that aren’t named America. Trump suits were made in Mexico. He could have had them made in Brooklyn, Ohio. Trump furniture is made in Turkey instead of Cleveland. Trump barware is made in Slovenia instead of Toledo, so how does that all fit into his talk of America first? But that’s just the start. This is a man who plays coy with white supremacists and mocks people with disabilities, who talks about banning an entire religion from entering our country, who talks about getting rid of gun free zones in schools, letting more countries have nuclear weapons, defaulting on our national debt, turning back the clock on marriage equality. Just like Elizabeth, I could go on and on. This is someone whose reaction to the horrific mass shooting in Orlando was to publicly congratulate himself. And on Friday, when Britain voted to leave the European Union, he crowed from his golf course about how the disruption could end up creating higher profits for that golf course. Even though within 24 hours Americans lost $100 billion from their 401(k)s he tried to turn a global economic challenge into an infomercial.”

The only thing that Trump said about the Clinton/Warren stop in Ohio was a tweet:

    Crooked Hillary is wheeling out one of the least productive senators in the U.S. Senate, goofy Elizabeth Warren, who lied on heritage.

    — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 27, 2016

Donald Trump isn’t engaged in the presidential campaign. Two of the most prominent Democrats in the country unloaded on Trump in Ohio, and all he is doing is tweeting. Donald Trump has made more trips to Scotland (1) than he has to Ohio (0) since becoming the Republican nominee. Warren and Clinton tore Trump to shreds, and the Republican nominee has no response.

The polling isn’t wrong. Hillary Clinton is leading in all of the polls because this is a currently a one-sided presidential election. Clinton and Warren walked into a swing state and took Trump apart with no pushback from the candidate or the Republican Party. Democrats are doing the work needed to win in November, while Trump isn’t even showing up to campaign to be the next president.

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Elizabeth Warren Just Showed Why She’d Be An Amazing Veep

By Judith Bell on Mon, Jun 27th, 2016 at 2:44 pm
PoliticusUSA

Elizabeth Warren Just Showed Why She’d Be An Amazing Veep

In her first appearance at a campaign rally with Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee, Elizabeth Warren showed exactly why she would be a wonderful Vice-President, and the right person to take down Donald Trump. In fact, any vice-presidential pick Donald Trump chooses to counter Elizabeth Warren would be a pitifully poor one, and no match at all for Warren’s wit, policy knowledge, and skills on the campaign stump.

Warren rightly called out Donald Trump’s selfishness in cheering for Brexit, “What kind of a man does that? What kind of a man roots for people to lose their jobs, to lose their homes, to lose their life savings? I’ll tell you what kind of a man: a small, insecure, money grubber who fights for no one but himself. What kind of a man? A nasty man who will never become president of the United States.” Wow, one can hear the whistle of a missile being aimed and launched right at the heart of the Trump enterprise, and exploding right on target. That was an utterly devastating takedown, and Trump knows it.

If Hillary Clinton goes with Elizabeth Warren, she has everything to gain: excitement, new voter enthusiasm among the liberal base, and a Vice-President who can back her up where it matters most on policy issues. It would be a total landslide in the electoral college if Warren is chosen, and show that it’s not an aberation for two women to run together on a presidential ticket. If two men can run together on the ticket, why not two women? It’s time to dream big here and go for it with Clinton-Warren ‘16!

I think it’s about time this country has women at the very top of the ticket, more women in the Senate and the House, and make our country a more kinder, gentler, and a better place to be that supports all Americans from every background and lift them up to a better future.

And that is precisely why I’m hoping we’ll see a Clinton-Warren ‘16 ticket very soon!

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New Electoral College Projection Has Hillary Clinton Demolishing Donald Trump

By Sean Colarossi on Mon, Jun 27th, 2016 at 8:35 pm
PoliticusUSA

An updated Electoral College projection from Larry Sabato’s Crystal Ball predicts that Hillary Clinton will demolish Donald Trump in the general election this fall.

The website, which is run by University of Virginia’s Center for Politics, has the presumptive Democratic nominee beating Trump by a 347-191 electoral vote margin.

What’s more telling is that all of the normal toss-up states – Ohio, Florida, Virginia, North Carolina, Colorado, Nevada, etc. – have been moved into the “Lean Democratic” column, leaving Trump no mathematical way to make up the difference unless there is a sizable shift in public opinion.

Crystal Ball‘s prediction comes as Trump’s national poll numbers continue to collapse. Two polls out on Sunday gave the former secretary of state leads of between five and 12 points nationally over the presumptive Republican nominee. According to RealClearPolitics, Clinton now leads the spray-tanned billionaire by an average of almost seven points nationally – her largest lead over Trump since he clinched the GOP nomination.

On this day in the 2012 campaign, Barack Obama led Mitt Romney by three points, very close to his eventual margin of victory.

Another troubling sign for Trump is two red-state polls that came out today showing him beating Clinton by much smaller margins than the previous GOP nominee.

In Texas, for example, Trump only leads Clinton by single digits, according to a new survey. Romney clobbered Obama there by 16 points in 2012. In Arkansas, where the 2012 GOP nominee beat the current president by 24 points, Trump only leads Clinton by 11.

These states are likely to remain in the red column, but the dwindling margins may be a sign that Trump will also underperform previous Republican nominees both nationally and in the all-important battleground states.

If this is the case, the eventual Electoral College map could closely resemble Larry Sabato’s latest projection – a thought that should have the Trump campaign panicking.

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Trump Throws A Twitter Tantrum Over Poll Show Him Getting Crushed By Hillary Clinton

By Jason Easley on Sun, Jun 26th, 2016 at 6:42 pm
PoliticusUSA

Donald Trump is throwing a Twitter fit, and claiming that the polls are biased against him after a new poll showed him getting smoked by Hillary Clinton.

Trump tweeted:

    The @ABC poll sample is heavy on Democrats. Very dishonest – why would they do that? Other polls good!

    — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 26, 2016

Trump also whined that he is the real change agent in this election:

    Hillary Clinton is not a change agent, just the same old status quo! She is spending a fortune, I am spending very little. Close in polls!

    — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 26, 2016

Trump also managed to confuse predicting election results with having actual policies:

    Crooked Hillary Clinton got Brexit wrong. I said LEAVE will win. She has no sense of markets and such bad judgement. Only a question of time

    — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 26, 2016

There is nothing in ABC News/Washington Post polls methodology to suggest that it was tilted towards Democrats. The pollster said that the increase in Democrats polled was statistically insignificant. In fact, the ABC News poll uses one of the most sophisticated methodologies in national polling. It is hilarious that a candidate who spent much of the primary tweeting the results of unscientific online polls now believes that professional polling is rigged against him.

Trump believes in unscientific polls because they show him winning:

    #CNNDebate pic.twitter.com/X4m9WfewX2

    — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 17, 2015

Donald Trump knows as much about polling as he does about the Constitution, which is nothing. Interestingly, the other poll that was released today that showed Trump losing by 5 points, the Republican nominee characterized as fair.

There is nothing in the results of the ABC News poll that showed Trump’s support with Republicans dropping by eight points from 85% to 77% and his support declining with white voters by four points that would indicate bias.

The Trump campaign has no in-house data operation, so the candidate has nothing to compare the results to. Trump has expressed his belief in the past that all the polls that show him losing are fake. The problem is that he is losing in every single poll.

Trump’s tantrums are absurd. The poor little rich boy is losing so he complains that the game is rigged.

Donald Trump is losing because he is a loser, and no amount of whining on Twitter will make the pollsters cook the polls in his favor.

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Obama Approval Rating Skyrockets To 56% As GOP Faces Trump Led Collapse

By Jason Easley on Sun, Jun 26th, 2016 at 5:00 pm
PoliticusUSA

As the Republican Party nears a state of Trump led collapse, President Obama’s approval rating has reached its highest level since 2011.

The Washington Post reported on President Obama’s new approval rating high via the ABC News/Washington Post Poll:

The poll, conducted in the immediate aftermath of a massacre in Orlando that was perpetrated by a man who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, showed Obama’s approval rating at 56 percent — its highest level in Post polling since May 2011, after the killing of Osama bin Laden.

Obama is more popular now than Republicans George W. Bush and George H.W. Bush in the waning months of their presidencies. Although Obama’s approval rating has not reached the level of former Democratic president Bill Clinton’s in 2000, his standing suggests that he could be a relatively effective surrogate for Hillary Clinton on the campaign trail.

After the Orlando terror attacks, President Obama’s approval ratings went up while Donald Trump’s poll numbers dropped. The voters are paying attention, and they are appreciating the job that Obama is doing for the country more by the day.

Republicans had already given away the qualifications argument to Hillary Clinton by nominating Donald Trump, but they are also watching the change argument quickly evaporate as voters are showing no signs of Obama fatigue. If Republicans can’t argue that they have the more qualified candidate, and the change argument falls on deaf ears, what exactly are Republicans planning on running on this fall?

The best guess is that Republicans will try to run against Obama, but running against a president who is getting more popular as his time in office winds down will be the ultimate fool’s errand. With poll numbers like these, President Obama is going to be a powerful surrogate for Hillary Clinton on the campaign trail.

Democrats are going to have an advantage that they haven’t enjoyed before. The Democratic Party is going to have a popular outgoing two-term president on the campaign trail making the case for why his party should keep the White House. Al Gore kept Bill Clinton mostly on the bench in 2000, but Hillary Clinton won’t make that mistake in 2016.

Obama is beloved, fired up, and ready to help Democrats elect the first woman President Of The United States.

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Republicans Rocked By Report Detailing GOP Lies And Abuses During Benghazi Investigation

By Jason Easley on Mon, Jun 27th, 2016 at 7:11 pm
PoliticusUSA

House Republicans were dealt a severe blow by a 339-page report from the Democrats on the Benghazi Select Committee who not only provided the evidence that Republicans have hidden but also detailed the Republican abuses and lies throughout the investigation.

According to the report from the Benghazi Democrats:

The Democratic report also documents the grave abuses Republicans engaged in during this investigation—from A to Z. Republicans excluded Democrats from interviews, concealed exculpatory evidence, withheld interview transcripts, leaked inaccurate information, issued unilateral subpoenas, sent armed Marshals to the home of a cooperative witness, and even conducted political fundraising by exploiting the deaths of four Americans.

“In our opinion,” the Members wrote, “Chairman Gowdy has been conducting this investigation like an overzealous prosecutor desperately trying to land a front-page conviction rather than a neutral judge of facts seeking to improve the security of our diplomatic corps.”

“We are issuing our own report today because, after spending more than two years and $7 million in taxpayer funds in one of the longest and most partisan congressional investigations in history, it is long past time for the Select Committee to conclude its work,” they wrote. “Despite our repeated requests over the last several months, Republicans have refused to provide us with a draft of their report—or even a basic outline—making it impossible for us to provide input and obvious that we are being shut out of the process until the last possible moment.”

The Chairman of the Select Committee, Rep. Trey Gowdy, has consistently refused to release full transcripts of interviews. Gowdy has also refused to give Democrats on the committee access to information, or allowed them to help draft the final report.

Gowdy has also leaked inaccurate information in an attempt to help Republicans defeat Hillary Clinton. Rep. Gowdy illegally shifted the focus of the investigation away from Benghazi and on to Hillary Clinton’s emails. The chairman has interviewed witnesses without Democrats present and has treated the Select Committee like an arm of the Republican Party that is digging for opposition research on Hillary Clinton.

The Benghazi investigation has always been an attempt to bring down the Democratic presidential nominee. House Democrats on the Select Committee aren’t standing for it. They are popping the Benghazi conspiracy theory balloon and showing that the Republican investigation was a total sham.

Democrats aren’t going to play the GOP’s Benghazi games.

 69 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:03 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
CS Monitor

Brexit aftershock: a broad challenge to British politics, democracy

While those on the winning side hail the people’s choice to leave the European Union, the results have been contested across the country. And both major parties are seeing leadership battles.   

By Sara Miller Llana, Staff writer Alexis Xydias, Correspondent June 27, 2016   

London — Many Britons who cast their vote to leave the European Union last week say they did so because their democracy was under threat, hijacked by faceless “Eurocrats” in Brussels.

But with the victorious result for the Leave camp in last week's shock referendum, a fractious, bitter debate has opened up about the health of politics in Britain and whether the referendum itself may end up the bigger menace to British democracy.

While those on the winning side hail the people’s choice – one that top leaders, including Prime Minister David Cameron, say must be respected – the results have been contested across the country.

From marches in London over the weekend to movements across social media calling for a second referendum, many are now condemning the referendum's simple-majority threshold and the vacuous campaigns that preceded the vote, with fear-mongering and myths rampant on both sides. Britons are asking whether Parliament can overrule the results; if Scotland, which voted heavily to remain, can veto it; and whether such a wide-reaching decision should have ever been designed as a simple yes or no question.

Simon Griffiths, senior lecturer in politics at Goldsmiths, University of London, says that referendums are legitimate and democratic tools – but ones that dissolve nuance.

“They neglect the way that politics is a process, where different people come together and come up with a solution that is a compromise,” he says. “There are better ways of reflecting the complexity of life than trying to simplify things into asking yes or no.”

A sense of confusion

Now, many Britons want a redo of June 23, when the populace voted 52 percent in favor of leaving the EU and 48 percent in favor of remaining. The turnout was high, with 72 percent of eligible voters. While the vote was non-binding, both sides had pledged to abide by the outcome.

An online petition for Parliament to conduct a new referendum has attracted 3.5 million signatories. But it's been slammed by Leave supporters who say voters can't hold another election simply because they don't like the results from the first one. 

The petition has been growing steadily – reflecting a sense of daze and disbelief that hangs over Remain strongholds like London.

Edward Woodcock, a director at an advertising agency in London, describes his own sense of denial.

“On Friday, I felt like I was grieving. I couldn’t believe it was happening. I literally couldn’t work. And I just thought that I would wake up and it would go away,” he says. “But today I am beginning to accept it a bit more. This is not going to go away. We are not going to have a re-run, we are not going to have a second referendum. I have to accept that this is the new reality and we need to find our way forward.”

The path forward is littered with obstacles. Mike Finn, a professor of British politics at the University of Warwick, says that while there is no doubt the referendum was a legitimate tool – and he sees no basis to hold another – he says there is anecdotal evidence that many voters used this as a simple protest vote, with limited knowledge of the implications, which explains some of the “buyer’s remorse” expressed in the media.

Both sides have been lambasted for scare-mongering. The Remain camp painted a picture of economic demise – and while the markets have taken a hit, it’s unclear how longlasting it will be. The Leave camp promised that money earmarked to the EU would go to the National Health Service, but it’s not so clear-cut that that can happen.

The lack of trust is palpable. In a YouGov poll carried out before the results, 28 percent of those supporting Leave said they thought MI5 was colluding with the government to keep Britain in the EU. Forty-six percent said they believed the results would be rigged.

"What we have seen in consecutive referendums is the ability to say what you like, to offer opinion without evidence. And that leaves the public in a sense of confusion; and that affects the results,” Professor Finn says.

And the fact that it only required a simple majority that split nearly down the middle is getting a hard look.

“The real lunacy of the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union was not that British leaders dared to ask their populace to weigh the benefits of membership against the immigration pressures it presents,’’ Kenneth Rogoff, professor of economics and public policy at Harvard University, wrote in a blog post on June 24. “Rather, it was the absurdly low bar for exit, requiring only a simple majority. This isn’t democracy; it is Russian roulette for republics.”

Political upheaval

Now Britain is in a political crisis, with the Conservative party facing a vacuum at the top, as the party is split who should replace Prime Minister Cameron, who announced he would resign by October. One being tipped is the controversial Boris Johnson, former mayor of London and the leading Leave supporter. The Labour party faced a flurry of resignations from leader Jeremy Corbyn’s shadow government over the weekend and into Monday. Already a polarizing figure as a more old-school leftist, Mr. Corbyn was criticized for not more vigorously campaigning for Remain.

Adding to the uncertainty is the discontent in Scotland, which voted 55.3 to 44.7 percent in 2014 to remain part of the United Kingdom during an independence referendum, but voted 62 percent in favor of remaining in the EU. That will likely prompt another independence referendum. Before then, Scotland’s first minister, Nicola Sturgeon, told the BBC Sunday that she believed the Scottish Parliament could block a “Brexit” by withholding its consent for the legislative moves required to implement it. But not all agree it has such authority.

Mr. Finn says that while the referendum is “prima facie legitimate,” he says it does undermine the legitimacy of the union.

“Legitimacy is not a straightforward issue,” he says. “On purely narrow referendum terms, it is legitimate. But for the UK as a political entity, it may not be seen the same way and it is almost inevitable that you see the union falling apart.’’

That is the one argument he says could be used as a solution to avoid Brexit. But he adds that the likelier outcome is a constitutional crisis, as the UK faces the fracturing of the union, a ruling party without clear leadership, and an opposition whose head is under pressure to step down.

“The government was not prepared for Brexit. They simply don’t have the personnel,” says Finn. “It is hard to forecast how the political process will evolve. There is a power vacuum at the moment and that in itself is a political crisis.”

 70 
 on: Jun 28, 2016, 06:01 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Former Chilean military official found liable for killing of Victor Jara

Florida jury awards $28m in verdict that could lead to Pedro Pablo Barrientos Nuñez’s extradition to face criminal charges over 1973 killing of folk singer

Richard Luscombe in Orlando
AFP
Monday 27 June 2016 21.05 BST

A Florida jury on Monday found a former Chilean army officer liable for the 1973 torture and murder of the folk singer and political activist Victor Jara, awarding $28m in damages to his widow and daughters in one of the biggest and most significant legal human rights victories against a foreign war criminal in a US courtroom.

The verdict against Pedro Pablo Barrientos Nuñez after a two-week civil trial in Orlando’s federal court could now also pave the way for his extradition to face criminal murder charges in Chile related to his conduct during a CIA-backed coup that led to Augusto Pinochet’s 17-year military dictatorship and the deaths of almost 3,100 people.

Accusers said Barrientos, 67, who now lives in Deltona, Florida, shot dead Jara, 40, in September 1973 after three days of beatings while the socialist-leaning theatre director and university lecturer was among thousands of suspected communists and subversives detained in Santiago’s soccer stadium.

Barrientos, who fled Chile in 1989 and became a US citizen through marriage, was one of nine retired army officers indicted for murder in his homeland four years ago but the US Department of Justice has not responded to a request by the Chilean government for his return.

Kathy Roberts, legal director of the Center for Justice and Accountability, the California-based human rights group that brought the civil action on behalf of Jara’s British-born widow, Joan Turner Jara, and daughters Amanda Turner Jara and Manuela Bunster, believes the Florida jury’s ruling could now increase the pressure on the DoJ.

“It’s a step on the path towards justice for our clients and for Victor but also for the many other families who lost someone at Chile Stadium so many years ago,” she said after the verdict.

“We presented evidence that started to shed light on what happened there, and we hope that process will continue in Chile and we hope that the United States will extradite Mr Barrientos to face justice in the country where he committed these crimes.”

Joan Jara Turner, 88, testified during the trial that her husband’s death in a stadium locker room had “cut my life in two”, and has previously spoken of the horror of having to identify his tortured and mutilated body in a morgue after he was dumped outside the stadium with 44 bullet wounds.

“I’m happy in a sense that what we were trying to do for more than 40 years, for Victor, has today come true,” she said through tears on the steps if the Orlando courthouse.

“It’s the beginning of justice for all those people, those relatives in Chile who are waiting to learn the fate of their loved ones, who have been for years and years, just like us, seeking justice [and] knowledge.

“It’s been a long journey. For Victor, art and social justice were one and the same. His songs continue to be sung today and inspire both artists and those who seek social justice.”

Daughter Amanda Turner Jara, who thanked lawyers from the CJA and pro bono counsel from New York legal firm Chadbourne & Parke, said it was crucial that Barrientos was extradited.

“He ran away. He’s been hiding here for so long, and it’s time he faces that now in Chile,” she said.

The jury of five women and one man deliberated for nine hours before determining that Barrientos, a Pinochet loyalist who commanded the Chilean army’s notorious Tejas Verde brigade, should pay $6m in compensatory damages and a further $22m in punitive damages. The jury found him liable on both counts of the civil indictment, for torture and extrajudicial killing.

The Jara family, however, are unlikely to see any payment. Barrientos’ lawyer Luis Calderon painted a picture during the trial of a poor retiree who lives in a modest two-bedroom house and drives around in a decade-old car, and who was forced to work as a cook at a fast-food restaurant for years just to make ends meet.

Barrientos, who remained impassive as the verdicts were read, did not comment afterwards but Calderon said he was disappointed. “We will explore all our options regarding an appeal,” he said.

Dixon Osburn, executive director of the CJA, told the Guardian that one of the biggest challenges was proving that Barrientos, who also worked for a time as a landscaper during almost three decades in the US, was the same violent army officer who beat, tortured and shot Jara.

“These cases are always difficult because a lot of time has passed and because of the silence that has encased this matter for so long,” he said. “Trying to break through that silence and lift the veil on what happened in those days was enormously difficult.

“One of the things the Jara family has been pursuing for 43 years is just the truth. Barrientos said in deposition he knew nothing of Chile Stadium, he knew nothing of Victor Jara, but we had conscript after conscript saying he was there and he was responsible for what took place.”

One of the conscripts, Jose Navarette Barra, said during the trial in video testimony from Chile that Barrientos boasted of what he had done. “He said many times that he killed Victor Jara,” Barra said. “He talked about killing a communist, and he didn’t want a communist in Chile.”

The ruling marks the latest victory in the CJA’s pursuit of overseas war criminals and human rights abusers living in Florida. In August 2015, El Salvador’s former defence minister Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova was extradited to El Salvador after a lengthy legal battle. Vides, an army general in the country during the bloody civil war in the 1980s, was accused of covering up a number of atrocities, including the rape and murder of four American churchwomen.

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