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 61 
 on: Jan 27, 2015, 06:25 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Dogs May Have Helped Early Man Hunt Mammoths To Extinction

1/25/2015
Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

Scientists have long-suspected that our ancestors were at least partially to blame for the extinction of the mammoth and a new research review from a Penn State anthropologist has revealed that ancient humans may have had an accomplice – domesticated dogs.

The new study, published in the journal Quaternary International, is based on past examinations of European archeological sites with large numbers of mammoth remains. Study author Pat Shipman not only suggested that humans and dogs worked together to hunt mammoths – she also provided a way to test her theory.

“One of the greatest puzzles about these sites is how such large numbers of mammoths could have been killed with the weapons available during that time,” said Shipman, a professor of anthropology at Penn State, in a recent statement.

Many previous analyses of the mammoths at these locations discovered similarities with those of modern elephants slaughtered by hunting or natural disasters. However, the new evaluation of the previous scientific studies discovered that they didn’t have the statistical evaluations essential for concluding how these animals were slaughtered.

According to Shipman, “Few of the mortality patterns from these mammoth deaths matched either those from natural deaths among modern elephants killed by droughts or by culling operations with modern weapons that kill entire family herds of modern elephants at once.”

Based on this disparity, the Penn State researcher said another technique for killing large pachyderms must have been used to take down the mammoth herds. During the course of her review, Shipman found a few of the large carnivores at these locations were early domesticated dogs, not wolves as had been suspected. Based on this evidence, Shipman used data on how humans hunt with dogs to formulate several testable models for these mammoth locations.

“Dogs help hunters find prey faster and more often, and dogs also can surround a large animal and hold it in place by growling and charging while hunters move in. Both of these effects would increase hunting success,” Shipman said. “Furthermore, large dogs like those identified by (a previous study) either can help carry the prey home or, by guarding the carcass from other carnivores, can make it possible for the hunters to camp at the kill sites.”

Shipman said she could confirm her models using other analyses and noted, “If hunters working with dogs catch more prey, have a higher intake of protein and fat, and have a lower expenditure of energy, their reproductive rate is likely to rise.”

The study also pointed out evidence of other large predators around the mammoth kill sites, such as wolves and foxes.

“Both dogs and wolves are very alert to the presence of other related carnivores — the canids — and they defend their territories and food fiercely,” Shipman explained. “If humans were working and living with domesticated dogs or even semi-domesticated wolves at these archaeological sites, we would expect to find the new focus on killing the wild wolves that we see there.”

Two studies in the review seemed to back Shipman’s hypothesis. One study found the animals identified as dogs had different diets than those identified as wolves – possibly a sign of domestication. Another study based on mitochondrial DNA found that animals identified as dogs have a genetic makeup different from other canids.

Shipman concluded that her hypothesis will be confirmed “if more of these distinctive doglike canids are found at large, long-term sites with unusually high numbers of dead mammoths and wolves; if the canids are consistently large, strong individuals; and if their diets differ from those of wolves,” Shipman said. “Dogs may indeed be man’s best friend.”

 62 
 on: Jan 27, 2015, 06:23 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Rad
Wolves From British Columbia’s Mainland And Coast Are Genetically Distinct

1/27/2015
April Flowers for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

In a rare mix of Heiltsuk First Nation wisdom and scientific curiosity, a new study from the University of Calgary has revealed that British Columbia’s mainland and coastal wolves are two distinct populations.

UC alumna Erin Navid led the study published in a recent issue of BMC Ecology, which was motivated by the insight of Chester Starr, an elder of the Heiltsuk First Nation on BC’s remote west coast. Starr and his people have always known that the mainland of the coast is the home of the “Timber Wolves” and the nearby islands are the home of the “Coastal Wolves.”

“What makes this study special is the fact that differentiation is not supposed to occur on such a small-scale,” says Navid, who graduated from the Faculty of Environmental Design, Environmental Science Program in 2009. “Wolves are highly mobile animals, capable of crossing many types of natural barriers, including small bodies of water. We did not expect to uncover a genetic gradient in an area that is only 2,000 square kilometers [775 square miles] and relatively permeable to wolf movement.”

Significantly different ecological environments are the main cause for the genetic differentiation, according to the study. Preferences for food are passed from generation to generation. On the islands, the main food source is marine-based, such as salmon and marine mammals. Over time, wolves with a preference for these foods bred more frequently with one another than with their deer-loving relatives on the mainland.

Navid collected wolf scats as part of her masters’ thesis in the Faculty of Environmental Design, and then analyzed them for the study.

Navid and her colleagues assert that their discovery should underline the importance of incorporating traditional ecological perspectives, like that of Starr and his people, with empirical scientific methods. “An emerging mutual recognition is that although indigenous and scientific approaches constitute different paths to knowledge, they are rooted in the same reality and provide complementary information,” says Paul Paquet, an adjunct professor at the University of Calgary.

Combined approaches such as this would enhance researchers’ ability to address conservation challenges and opportunities. For example, detailed information about the habits of animals in a given space could inform the efforts of landscape conservationists.

 63 
 on: Jan 27, 2015, 04:25 AM 
Started by Rad - Last post by Upasika
Same Rad, that was great, thank you

 64 
 on: Jan 27, 2015, 04:18 AM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Linda
Hello Eos,


3rd February 2015:  Full Moon @ 14 deg Leo


We look forward to reading about any upcoming experiences you would like to share.


In a week's time we will have the Full Moon in Leo which will conjunct your Mars @ 9 deg Leo and square your Neptune @ 16 deg Scorpio.


Leo, the creative principle, is naturally square to Scorpio, seat of the sexual instinct.  This square can mean many things;  but rather than predict anything, we will wait to hear if you do wish to share any personal events.


Any transit and progression to the natal chart must be understood in the context of the Soul's ongoing evolutionary issues in the current life. 


In general, the Full Moon correlates with the Soul's need to throw off something that is blocking evolution.  This can appear as people or events that need to be thrown off for evolution to continue.


Thanks,

Linda



 65 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 10:32 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Linda

Ruler of your South Node is Venus in Aries which is conjunct the South Node of Chiron (wound).

Ruler of your Pluto in Virgo is Mercury in Aries which is conjunct Chiron (wound).

What is the Chirotic wound all about?  Chiron in Aries;  South Node of Chiron in Aries;  North Node of Chiron in Scorpio (conjunct Part of Fortune!).

All of your Aries planets are ruled by Mars in Sagittarius:  beliefs.  What beliefs did you have about yourself?  What kinds of realities did your beliefs create?  

In what ways were your inner messages limiting and thus creating your reality (Jupiter in Virgo conjunct Pluto conjunct South Node Libra)?


Hi Linda,

Yes my companion Chiron, conjunct my North Node and Mercury (and Sun). I also have a Sun Eris conjunction. Ari talked about Chiron being inherently lonely, no doubt, between Chiron and Eris it feels the case. This is really complex for me to answer (and the current Mercury retro isn't helping). I had a lot wounding in just being "me". There were times when i felt afraid of my own power, afraid of my full potential, like it would be threatening for others, too much. It's weird because there were as many times (if not more) where i felt utterly blocked from getting anywhere near the potential i felt inherently capable of, the two extremes. Inner messages? I'm trying to think back, there have been several "me's" in this lifetime! Mercury keeps coming to mind. When i was a teenager i had great difficulties expressing myself. Written expression was ok but talking and being able to express my feelings actually was a challenge. Throat trauma again, the words getting stuck in my throat. I don't know if i have answered you question Linda?

Blessings

Lila



Hi Lila,


You have answered the questions perfectly.  



Chiron conjunct North Node, Mercury and Sun - all in Aries


Lila's quote: "When I was a teenager I had great difficulties expressing myself. Written expression was ok but talking and being able to express my feelings actually was a challenge. Throat trauma again, the words getting stuck in my throat."

Mercury is opposite Jupiter and Uranus and these can be considered intellectual planets too.  Jupiter in Virgo is mental/philosophical energy expressed through earth such as practicality and an eye for detail for truth, while Uranus in air sign Libra is the individuated unconscious mind.  There is enormous pressure in these oppositions to be treated as an equal.  The Mercury/Uranus opposition is gibbous, while the Mercury/Jupiter opposition is full phase.  All these planets are within a 1 deg orb of each other.  Sitting right in the middle of this pair of oppositions is your Lunar Nodes!  The past life habitual patterns of South Node Libra, and the unknown future of the North Node Aries which is operating simultaneously with the Pluto polarity point in Pisces.



Pallas Athena skipped steps


Then there is Pallas Athena squaring the Nodes from Capricorn and forming skipped steps.  For many life times, the suppression of your wisdom nature caused you to flip-flop between the Nodes.  You are learning how to express the strong, authoritative and self-determined Capricorn feminine while in the outer patriarchal world.  Resolution to this dilemma is found by focusing upon the South Node in Libra ruled by Venus in Aries:  seeking equality, listening, comparison, learning balance.  Pallas also squares Saturn which only re-emphasizes this karmic necessity.

“If you are a women and you want to be strong and powerful
in men’s territory, they won’t consider you to be a real woman,
and will deny you the validation of protection and relationship.”

“Pallas Athena is a very poignant image for the emergence
of the feminine consciousness and power that is occurring
in the last few decades.”

–  Demetra George


PALLAS ATHENA - Asteroid Goddesses - the undistorted Natural/Divine Feminine
http://schoolofevolutionaryastrology.com/forum/index.php?topic=309.msg5535#msg5535



Chiron ruled by Mars in Sagittarius


Lila's quote:  "I had a lot wounding in just being 'me'. There were times when i felt afraid of my own power, afraid of my full potential, like it would be threatening for others, too much. It's weird because there were as many times (if not more) where I felt utterly blocked from getting anywhere near the potential I felt inherently capable of, the two extremes."

Perhaps you carried unnatural guilt at being a strong woman in a man's world (Pallas in Capricorn).  Saturn in Aries - suppression leading to distortion - could have resulted in feeling utterly blocked from living out your potential.  I'm sure things are now changing for you.  Cheesy

All of your Aries planets are ruled by Mars in Sagittarius:  beliefs. What beliefs did you have about yourself?  What kinds of realities did your beliefs create?

These questions to ponder on, not necessarily to answer.   Grin

It's important to bear in mind that your Aries stelliums made up of North Node-Mercury-Chiron-Sun-Venus and Saturn - are t-square (by sign) the Planetary Nodes of Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto in Cancer/Capricorn for everyone on the planet!  The Soul has chosen this conglomeration of Aries planets (including North Node in Aries), and the question is Why?  A core function of the Aries archetype is to begin a new evolutionary cycle in which the Soul will instinctively feel a sense of distinctive calling to fulfill.  The Soul needs free will and lack of restrictions to initiate and fulfill compulsive desires and attractions to the new.  These new directions open up a sense of self-discovery in every moment.


Thanks so much,

Linda


 66 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 09:13 PM 
Started by Rad - Last post by ari moshe
Thanks so much for sharing this Rad.

 67 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 08:26 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Linda

The South Node of Mars in Pisces opposite Pluto in Virgo re-emphasizes the requirement to share yourself and to be of service to others in the social sphere.  It also conjures up violence and victimization in past lives due to resistance that necessitated the development of Virgoan mental power and discernment, and Taurean self-reliance (North Node of Mars Taurus 1st).

In terms of (2), you have Neptune and Part of Fortune in Scorpio, and your Pluto is in Virgo.  What is the resource or capacity that you are sharing?  This resource will have a fortunate quality for self and others.


Hi Linda,

I have been reflecting on many of the interesting points you have raised and questions you have asked and to be honest i don't feel like i have made much progress! There are so many details.

The South Node of Mars is at 23° Sag exactly squaring my Pluto right? I actually Lucifer opposite my Pluto!

What is the resource or capacity i am sharing? Good question. This doesn't really answer the question but one resource is my house. I believe the land and property is destined to become a healing centre. In-between jobs i hosted workshops and classes in my living room for many different healing modalities and everybody who came loved the space. My whole life has been a healing journey and its feels natural by extension for my property to become a healing space for others. I have a big project in the pipeline and i wait and see if it is part of my Divine plan.

Blessings



Hello Lila,


SOUTH NODE OF MARS SQUARE NATAL PLUTO


It is actually the South Node of Mercury that is opposite your Pluto the meaning of which is to transform your Mercurial communication skills by sharing and comparing (work and spirituality) with others, and by cooperating with others in the social sphere, which you are already doing.  

Interestingly, Asteroid Lilith conjunct the South Node of Mercury and also opposite Pluto expresses the "authentic" you, your spiritual wisdom of the natural world, your natural expression and relationship to the Divine:  these also are what you are sharing with others.

(It was hard to distinguish between S Mar and S Mer on the chart ... the symbols are a little blurry.)

The South Node of Mars is 28 Sagittarius 23 Rx squaring natal Pluto Virgo Rx.  This correlates to severe evolutionary stress associated with the old desires of past lives, how they have been brought into the current life Mars 13 deg Sagittarius, and how they are evolving through the North Node of Mars 4 deg Taurus.  Some potential interpretations:

-  man-made guilt versus natural guilt

-  guilt about Natural Law

-  feeling imperfect, flawed, sinful, impure

-  manifestation of crisis resulting from beliefs

-  sadomasochism dynamic reaching crisis point

-  imposing false beliefs upon Natural Law

Lower octave of Pluto, Mars, instinctively acts out the imperatives of Pluto, the underlying Natural Law of evolution for all things.

Thus, the Mars archetype is evolving via the North Node of Mars in Taurus, fixed earth, bringing you back to Earth, stabilizing and grounding the Soul.  Patriarchal distortions and false beliefs of the Soul are being healed by the truth of Natural Laws thus giving your life value, meaning and purpose.  This applies also to sexual values - moving away from the Garden of Eden myth that the body is sinful - and evolving toward a natural wholesome sexuality through Taurus.


Nodes of Mars

The South Node of Mars would indicate where the desires emanating from the Soul were left off relative to its desires to evolve, and would symbolize the Soul’s intention in this life to confront and evolve beyond those existing limitations: of where those desires were left off. The current life Mars will then, for the entire life, correlate to where and how this will be done, and the North Node of Mars will correlate to the new desires emanating from the Soul to how and where the desires symbolized by the natal Mars will evolve themselves which are relative to the Pluto’s natal polarity point. (Rad)



In terms of Pluto conjunct the South Node, you have shared that the natural resource or capacity is hostessing classes and workshops in your home which you believe is becoming a healing centre.  This describes very well the karmic/evolutionary possibilities of your Pluto conjunct the South Node which is likely to be a combination of (1) and (2) below:

(1) the Soul is in a condition of totally re-living prior life dynamics in this life because of an absolute resistance, prior choices, to acting upon the evolutionary intentions and necessities prior to the current life,

(2) is a situation wherein the Soul has totally actualized those prior intentions in such a way as to develop unique abilities and capacities that are being brought forwards into the current life in order to benefit others because of those abilities and capacities, and

(3) is a common condition in which elements of both the first two conditions exist.


Thanks so much for sharing.

Linda


 68 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 06:24 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Linda



Lila's Chart



 69 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 04:44 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Lila

In terms of transiting Neptune square your Mars, the path chosen could soon be challenged bringing a crisis in action to actually make real what began at the conjunction.  Is that path real, too idealistic, or a dream?  According to JWG, some dreams come true while others do not.  Illusions falling away along your path can bring disillusionment, one of the most painful of psychological experiences.  Yet these experiences are necessary in order to bring clarity.


Quote
I'm so glad Cat pointed out my Neptune square South Node, I'd never really looked at it but now that i see it i think it explains a lot. I mean to have taken as many drugs as i have you would have to have a strong or debilitated Neptune right? My whole life, even today, i feel often tied and disillusioned, the Why God? feeling. There is only so much you can do and for the rest you need the Universe to conspire with you.



Your Neptune is actually sextile South Node (not square). This correlates to past life habitual emotional patterns and past choices which tend to be repeated over and over. Your Neptune is at a culminating degree (28 Scorpio 27) which means you are close to exhausting the desire to escape through drugs:


Any planet at a culminating degree

In any chart, composite or otherwise, when any planet is within a degree or two of the proceeding cusp this correlates, in evolutionary terms, to an evolutionary culmination of the whole archetype of the house of the actual planet, and relative to that culmination a new cycle of development is beginning ... the proceeding house. (JWG)



Your Neptune in Scorpio is Retrograde:


Neptune Retrograde

When Neptune is retrograde it points to Pluto itself: our Soul. When Neptune is retrograde there is an accelerated evolutionary desire, need, to throw off all things that are of a delusive nature: that which is not actually ‘real’ yet what we have considered real before the delusion or illusion was finally understood. Thus, it emphasizes the process of disillusionment leading to that which is actually real from an ultimate point of view. Relative to uniting our consciousness, Soul, with that which has created us in the first place, the Neptune retrograde will necessarily do so in its own way. When Neptune is retrograde it does point to Pluto in that this symbolizes a Soul who intends to pierce the bubble of its own illusions, delusions, and all that has been given false meaning, an ultimate meaning in many ways, that has confused the Soul as to what the Ultimate Reality is really about: God/ess. (Rad)



Thanks Linda for the clarification and insights into my Neptune aspects. This year transiting Neptune will be opposing my moon. And then following that it will be squaring my Mars like you said. Oh dear. I must have a limited view on Neptune becuase i think confusion and disillusionment (and that makes me very nervous). I think i need to refresh my understanding on the Neptune archetype!

Lila

 70 
 on: Jan 26, 2015, 04:17 PM 
Started by Linda - Last post by Lila

Ruler of your South Node is Venus in Aries which is conjunct the South Node of Chiron (wound).

Ruler of your Pluto in Virgo is Mercury in Aries which is conjunct Chiron (wound).

What is the Chirotic wound all about?  Chiron in Aries;  South Node of Chiron in Aries;  North Node of Chiron in Scorpio (conjunct Part of Fortune!).

All of your Aries planets are ruled by Mars in Sagittarius:  beliefs.  What beliefs did you have about yourself?  What kinds of realities did your beliefs create?  

In what ways were your inner messages limiting and thus creating your reality (Jupiter in Virgo conjunct Pluto conjunct South Node Libra)?


Hi Linda,

Yes my companion Chiron, conjunct my North Node and Mercury (and Sun). I also have a Sun Eris conjunction. Ari talked about Chrion being inherently lonely, no doubt, between Chiron and Eris it feels the case. This is really complex for me to answer (and the current Mercury retro isn't helping). I had a lot wounding in just being "me". There were times when i felt afraid of my own power, afraid of my full potential, like it would be threatening for others, too much. It's wierd because there were as many times (if not more) where i felt utterly blocked from getting anywhere near the potential i felt inherently capable of, the two extremes. Inner messages? I'm trying to think back, there have been several "me's" in this lifetime! Mercury keeps coming to mind. When i was a teenager i had great difficulties expressing myself. Written expression was ok but talking and being able to express my feelings actually was a challenge. Throat trauma again, the words getting stuck in my throat. I don't know if i have answered you question Linda?

Blessings

Lila


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