Earth's Melting Glaciers Captured in Stunning Before-and-After Images
If you don't agree with 97 percent of climate scientists that climate change is real, you should at least believe your own eyes.
The Earth's rapidly rising temperatures has dramatically transformed our landscapes, as you can see quite clearly in these vivid photos of the world's melting glaciers.
Retreat of the Columbia Glacier, Alaska, USA, by ~6.5 km between 2009 and 2015. Credit: James Balog and the Extreme Ice Survey
The photos appeared in the new paper "Savor the Cryosphere," published in the peer-reviewed GSA Today, a publication of the Geological Society of America. The cryosphere is the Earth's frozen waters.
"We have unretouched photographic evidence of glaciers melting all around the globe," co-author Gregory Baker, adjunct professor of geology at the University of Kansas, said.
"That includes the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica—they're reduced in size. These aren't fancy computer models or satellite images where you'd have to make all kinds of corrections for the atmosphere. These are simply photos, some taken up to 100 years ago, and my co-authors went back and reacquired photos at many of these locations. So it's just straightforward proof of large-scale ice loss around the globe."
Baker's research career centers on geophysical imaging of Earth's subsurface and geoscience education.
Stein Glacier, Switzerland, retreat of ~550 m from 2006 to 2015. Credit: James Balog and the Extreme Ice Survey
Photographer James Balog, who was featured in the Emmy Award winning climate change documentary, Chasing Ice, contributed photographs from the Extreme-Ice Survey.
Other co-authors of the paper include Richard Alley, an American geologist who was invited to testify about climate change by Vice President Al Gore; Patrick Burkhart of Slippery Rock University; Lonnie Thompson of the Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio State University; and Paul Baldauf of Nova Southeastern University also contributed to the paper.
The team hopes the paper will raise awareness about the world's melting glaciers.
"We have all heard of the impact of melting ice on sea level rise, but the public also need to be aware that places around the world depend on glaciers for their water and are going to come under increasing stress, and we already see how water shortages lead to all kinds of conflict," Baker said.
"The other critical point often overlooked is that when glaciers melt we're losing these scientific archive records of past climate change at specific locations around the Earth, as if someone came in and threw away all your family photos."
Solheimajokull, Iceland, retreat of ~625 m from 2007 to 2015. Credit: James Balog and the Extreme Ice Survey
"Glacier ice contains fingerprint evidence of past climate and past biology, trapped within the ice," Baker continued.
“Analyzing ice cores is one of the best ways to analyze carbon dioxide in the past, and they contain pollen we can look at to see what kind of plant systems may have been around. All of this information has been captured in glaciers over hundreds of thousands of years, and sometimes longer—Greenland and Antarctica cover perhaps up to a million years. The more that glacial ice melts, the more we're erasing these historical archives that we may not have measured yet in some remote glaciers, or deep in ice caps, that can tell us the history of the Earth that will be gone forever."
on: Apr 22, 2017, 05:36 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
on: Apr 22, 2017, 05:33 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
'The Science March Is About Respecting Science, the People's Climate March Is About Acting on It'
This Saturday's March for Science is inherently connected to the April 29 People's Climate March, climate scientists and environmentalists say: one march is about listening to science, the other is about acting on it.
The March for Science, taking place on Earth Day, will march in defense of truth and scientific fact. A week later, these values will manifest at the People's Climate March where movements for climate, jobs and justice will put forward a vision to build bold solutions that tackle climate change, create and retain fair jobs, and bring forth justice truly for all.
"The Science March is about respecting science, the People's Climate March is about acting on it," said Ploy Achakulwisut, PhD Candidate in Atmospheric Science at Harvard University.
"Science has helped us understand the climate crisis, now we need to demand political action to help solve it. The March for Science calls for science-based policymaking, and the People's Climate March puts this value into practice by opposing Trump's reckless anti-climate agenda, defending the integrity of climate science and democracy, and standing up for justice."
The March for Science and People's Climate March will bring the fight for truth and justice right to the doorstep of the Trump administration. The week of action, dubbed "From Truth to Justice: Earth Day to May Day 2017," will see more than 50 events, including: climate education opportunities and the launch of visionary legislation, youth speak-outs and convergences, direct actions and more.
A series of climate education videos have been developed for use during the "Truth to Justice" week of action. The videos feature 350.org co-founder Bill McKibben, actor and activist Maggie Gyllenhaal, renowned climate scientist James Hansen, longtime head of the EPA Environmental Justice program Mustafa Ali, and top atmospheric scientist Katharine Hayhoe.
Many of the organizers and participants of the March for Science have backgrounds in climate science, and many have been advocating for bold climate action well before the election of Donald Trump.
"The March for Science and the People's Climate March go hand-in-hand," said MIT and Harvard renewable energy modeler Dr. Geoffrey Supran.
"Because attacks on science don't just hurt scientists, they hurt scientists' ability to protect the people, and climate change epitomizes that. When politicians cater to fossil fuel interests by denying the basic realities of climate science and pursuing anti-science climate policy, they endanger the jobs, justice, and livelihoods of ordinary people everywhere. The People's Climate March is about scientists and citizens uniting to protect the people and places we love by demanding that evidence, not ideology, inform policy."
on: Apr 22, 2017, 05:28 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
Mud Erased a Village in Peru, a Sign of Larger Perils in South America
By NICHOLAS CASEY and ANDREA ZARATE
APRIL 21, 2017
BARBA BLANCA, Peru — A sheet of mud covers the village. Lampposts are bent sideways. Rooftops sit blocks from their homes. The nave of the village church is filled with sludge.
A catastrophic mudslide essentially erased Barba Blanca from the map last month. Yet somehow all 150 people who lived here in this Peruvian village managed to escape.
“A miracle,” said Diego Blanco, a 27-year-old construction worker, looking out from a hillside perch onto the ruined homes of his family members.
Large parts of South America have been pummeled for weeks by torrential rains that are wreaking havoc throughout the western region of the continent. Floods and destructive mudslides in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia have killed hundreds and displaced thousands more.
On Saturday, parts of Mocoa, a city in southern Colombia, were leveled by a torrent of water and debris that so far has left at least 293 people dead. Communities in Bolivia and Ecuador have been battered as well.
In Peru, mudslides have destroyed 14,000 homes, left 150,000 homeless and killed more than 100 people, with many others still missing. While the government has declared a state of emergency and asked for international aid, there appears to be no end in sight until the wet season concludes in May.
The calamities have drawn jitters among some of the region’s leaders who believe that the rains are linked to climate change. Rising temperatures have already led to the retreat of glaciers in the Andes and large shifts in crop cycles in Peru. On Saturday, Colombia’s president, Juan Manuel Santos, said during a visit to Mocoa that the mudslide was the latest consequence.
Continue reading the main story
“We are confronting a natural disaster caused by climate change,” he said. “We need to prepare because the rains that are coming will be more intense.”
The wreckage in Peru points to an even larger problem in this part of the world: Years of economic expansion in Latin America have spurred migration and development, but these changes have not been buttressed by preparation for even the most basic natural disasters.
Peru is a prime example, experts say. Growth since the early 2000s drew thousands from rural areas to coastal desert towns and into new settlements on the outskirts of Lima looking for jobs. Many of the newcomers founded squatters’ towns on the fringes of cities.
Leopoldo Monzón, a civil engineer and urban planning expert in Peru, said many of these areas had long been unsettled precisely because they were susceptible to flash flooding. Yet some politicians developed the lands in exchange for votes from the new arrivals.
“They never thought there would be such a flood,” said Mr. Monzón, who estimates that more than 100,000 people now live in flash flooding zones around Lima alone.
Making matters worse, meteorologists say, is the arrival of a localized El Niño event, a sudden rise in ocean temperature in the Pacific, which this year has happened off the coast of South America. Normally scorched mountain towns have faced devastating mudslides, while residents of Lima, the capital, were cut off from water for five days after pumps were inundated.
The flash flooding in Peru even has a local name, huaycos, a Quechua word referring to the dry valleys where the severe floods appear without warning.
“The desert is becoming tropical for a period,” explained Abraham Levy, a Peruvian weather expert, saying that this year’s floods were the most severe since 1997 and 1998, when the last large El Niño event occurred.
The destroyed village of Barba Blanca, however, had long known the risks.
Founded about a century ago, residents say, the village sits on a dry approach to the Andes Mountains and is home to hardscrabble mountain dwellers who named it after a loner with a white beard — a barba blanca, in Spanish — who lived somewhere nearby in the hills.
Mr. Blanco, the construction worker, was flanked by his father, Ernesto, 65, who remembered the El Niño of 1983, which sent sheets of mud sliding down a hill only a few hundred yards from the one that had recently collapsed.
“One has to be realistic,” the father said, looking down on his home, which had been hit by the mud, but not destroyed. “This will just keep on happening to us.”
His older son, also named Ernesto, a 29-year-old electrician, was born after the mudslide of the 1980s, but the one on March 16 is seared in his memory. The village had been pummeled by rains throughout the month, but the downpour that afternoon was the heaviest yet, and people were growing anxious.
Suddenly, he said, he could hear the sound of rock and mud coming down the hillside. He ran for his home and grabbed his 3-year-old daughter as his wife and two other children followed. Soon, everyone was running for higher ground.
“The amount of mud I was seeing, I never had seen before,” he said. “And it was coming in waves.”
In another part of the village, María Lazera Castrillón, a 75-year-old retiree, was starting her lunch in the home she shared with her brother when she heard the roar of the mud. She and her brother joined the flight of villagers uphill, stumbling as they went.
“I left everything, including all my money, in that house,” she said, gesturing to the buried home downhill.
Continue reading the main story
The villagers made it to safety and by evening took shelter in a small building owned by a nearby hydroelectric plant uphill. But the sun had set, and no one was able to see what had become of Barba Blanca.
Most people from the village were unable to sleep that night, the younger Ernesto Blanco said. As the sun rose the next day, nearly all the residents packed onto a lookout point above the village to see what had happened to their homes.
“To suddenly see the whole village covered,” said Aurora Escalante, a 60-year-old farmer, beginning to weep. “It was too much.”
The villagers of Barba Blanca now face a difficult decision: Should they resettle in a region where mudslides are less common or take their chances and rebuild Barba Blanca? The mudslides may return, they know, but perhaps not for another generation.
Mr. Monzón, the engineering consultant, said the disaster could offer a chance for Peru’s government to promote resettlement, especially among those living in the squatters’ towns on the outskirts of Lima.
“This crisis could be an opportunity,” he said.
But for those in the mountains in Barba Blanca, the village is the only place they have known — and the only place they would live. None said they had plans to look anywhere else.
“This is simply God telling us he exists,” said the elder Ernesto Blanco, waving a hand. “Life will continue here.”
on: Apr 22, 2017, 05:23 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
How humans have fought over — and weaponized — water
22 Apr 2017 at 00:56 ET
A timeline of all the reasons we've gone to battle over the H2O.
Yuriy Khimanin via Unsplash
From ancient Rome to 20th-century L.A.
Whether we're poisoning, drowning, or dehydrating our enemies into submission, we humans have long waged war over water. Standing Rock is just the latest.
595-685 B.C. — Amphicitionic League vs. Kirrans
Pilgrims visiting the Oracle at Delphi had to pass Kirra, a coastal city where thieves often robbed the travelers. To end these attacks, Greek tribes formed a league to besiege Kirra. They poisoned its water with hellebore, a toxic herb that sickened citizens until the village fell.
51 B.C. — Romans vs. Gauls
To drive the Gauls from what is now France, Roman troops had to attack their last remaining fort on the Dordogne River. During the siege, archers shot any Gaul trying to escape. Then, the Romans drained a spring that fed the fort its water. The thirsty Gauls ultimately surrendered.
30 A.D. — Romans vs. Jews
When Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Jerusalem, stole funds from a Jewish temple to build an aqueduct, thousands protested in the streets. Pilate sent spies armed with hidden daggers into the crowds. The spies massacred countless Jews, and Pilate built his aqueduct.
1187 — Muslims vs. Christian Crusaders
To rid Jerusalem of crusaders, Muslims lured them from the city (and a secure water source) by attacking a Christian village. The Muslims then blocked access to nearby springs, leaving parched crusaders to die, surrender, or flee—and allowing Muslims to retake the Holy Land.
1642 — Ming Dynasty vs. Peasants
By 1642, foreign invaders and rebellious peasants had nearly overrun the rulers of the Ming dynasty. To stop peasants from capturing Kaifeng, a capital along the Yellow River, a Ming general smashed the river’s dikes. The ensuing flood wiped out the rebels—and the city.
1838-1844 — Canadian Settlers vs. Mill Owner
A mill owner built a power dam in Lindsay, Ontario, flooding area farms and breeding malaria-carrying flies. So settlers armed with axes and pitchforks attacked the dam, nearly destroying it. The government stepped in, built a smaller dam, and reclaimed farms for settlers.
1863 — Union vs. Confederacy
After the fall of Vicksburg, Mississippi—a major turning point in the Civil War— the retreating Confederate troops drove cattle, hogs, and sheep into freshwater ponds and shot them, poisoning the water supply so pursuing Union troops couldn’t drink from it.
1924-1927 — Los Angeles Bureau of Water Works vs. Famers
In 1913, L.A.’s aqueduct began diverting water from Owens Valley farmers, parching their crops. Led by Wilfred and Mark Watterson, a group of farmers bombed the aqueduct in several places over three years, until authorities arrested the brothers for fraud and embezzlement.
1964 — Cuban Government vs. U.S. Navy
After the U.S. Navy detained several Cuban fishermen off the Florida coast, Cuban President Fidel Castro cut fresh water to the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo Bay. The Navy started to ration water there and built a desalination plant to be free of its reliance on Cuban agua.
1962-1967 — Brazil vs. Paraguay
Brazil and Paraguay both claimed hydroelectric development rights to the Guaira Falls, which sat on their shared border. Brazil invaded and occupied the site for five years. The countries signed a treaty in ’69, and both now get power from an upstream hydrodam—which killed Guaira Falls.
1980-1982 — Guatemalan Government vs. Villagers
The Chixoy hydroelectric dam forced thousands of Maya-Achi from their land. Resistance led to massacres by government troops and militias. During a government assault, 177 women and children were killed. In 2014, survivors were awarded a total of $154.5 million in reparations.
1997 — Malaysia vs. Singapore
The island nation of Singapore, once part of Malaysia, criticized its former sovereign (and main water supplier) during a policy dispute. Malaysia vowed to turn off the tap. Singapore began conserving water and building desalination plants to work toward water autonomy.
2000 — Hacker vs. Australian Wastewater System
Armed with a laptop and a radio transmitter, a hacker in Queensland, Australia, seized control of a local wastewater system and released sewage into parks, rivers, and property. His goal: revenge for not getting a job with the local council. Authorities gave him a new gig: prisoner.
2002 — Maoist Guerillas vs. Nepal
In its guerrilla war against Nepal’s government, Maoists destroyed several small hydrodam projects, and even blew up a 250-kilowatt one, cutting power to Bhojpur (population: 6,000) and nearby areas. The damage took six months to repair. The war waged on for four more years.
2016 — Standing Rock Sioux vs. Energy Transfer Partners
In spring 2016, the Standing Rock Sioux set up a protest camp to block construction of an oil pipeline that crosses the Missouri River, threatening their sovereignty and the security of their water supply. In December, the project was put on hold pending environmental review.
This article was originally published in the March/April 2017 issue of Popular Science, under the title “Water Wars.
on: Apr 22, 2017, 05:20 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
A tale of two droughts: one killed 260,000 people, the other none. Why?
Disaster insurance offers a new model for economic self-sufficiency. In African countries, every $1 invested saves $4.40 in the aftermath of an emergency
Head of government services for west and central Africa at African Risk Capacity
22 April 2017 09.00 BST
Drought is a slow and predictable natural disaster. We know it will happen again, and we know much of its effects are preventable if money is invested at the right time. So why do we wait for people to die from hunger induced by droughts before we start calling for emergency relief money?
The UN recently launched a $864m appeal to help 5 million Somalis in dire need of food assistance because of drought. But what if the Somali government could have taken out an insurance policy against such a disaster? They could have responded to their own crisis before a famine claimed lives and far less money would be needed. They would not now in a situation similar to six years ago, when a drought-induced famine killed 260,000 Somalis.
Senegal experienced a significant drought in 2014, but Senegalese children did not starve to death. In fact, there was little international media coverage of the drought because Senegal, Mauritania, Niger, and Kenya led the creation of African Risk Capacity (ARC), a mutual insurance company into which they pooled resources.
Catastrophe risk pools like the ARC have emerged over the last 10 years to protect vulnerable populations and national budgets in case of extreme weather events. And they’re working.
The risk pools use technology to assess losses and trigger payouts earlier than in the traditional response system. To date, 26 countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and Central America have pooled their risks. The Caribbean version, which provides insurance against hurricanes and earthquakes, paid out almost $30m to countries hit by Hurricane Matthew last year.
Meanwhile, in 2015, the ARC paid out more than $26m after lack of rains in the Sahel just south of the Sahara Desert. With that money, Senegal’s government say they distributed food assistance to 750,000 people, and 87,000 livestock herders benefited from the sale of subsidised food for their livestock.
While these insurance payouts can address urgent needs, it cannot replace international assistance in times of severe ongoing drought, such as the one in Somalia. But early cash assistance to families from insurance reduces the overall need for aid.
The International Organization for Migration is now also seeking $24.6m in an emergency aid appeal for Somalia, which is precisely the type of funding that ARC provides.Each dollar invested in ARC before the catastrophe saves $4.40 in the aftermath, according to research from Oxford University.
In Senegal, the response to the 2014 drought was led and funded by the government and targeted the most vulnerable populations, including children under five and lactating mothers. The rapid response meant that we did not see pictures of dying children and cattle on television. Witnessing its effectiveness, more countries have since joined the ARC: Malawi, Gambia, Mali, and Burkina Faso.
And it’s not just responding rapidly with cash that makes a difference in a disaster; countries must think about how that assistance will be deployed. Somalia, given its complex socio-political environment, would not have been able to deploy its assistance in the most efficient way, even if it was part of an insurance scheme. But the government of Somalia could have chosen to deploy any assistance covered by insurance payments through the World Food Programme (WFP) or other partners it has worked with before.
This was the case in Malawi this year. After receiving a $8.1m payout from ARC, the government is considering allocating a portion of the money to a cash transfer activity implemented by the WFP.
Drought insurance is still relatively new to countries in Africa, and Somalia’s government is probably not in a position to pay insurance premiums. But it would have been more cost-effective for Somalia’s donors to cover a $3m ARC insurance premium, instead of committing millions more in emergency aid after the onset of drought.
Risk insurance offers a targeted, effective and sustainable way to address the impacts of climate change or natural disasters and could, over time, reduce the need for ad hoc humanitarian assistance, which has swelled to nearly $25bn internationally. This is simply not sustainable.
Instead, let’s support countries in their efforts to plan ahead and respond through African-owned and led initiatives. Had Somalia been insured, it could have received millions of dollars in immediate aid to combat famine instead of waiting months for international aid to arrive. The cash would have arrived in September and in February, immediately after its two devastating harvest seasons and several months prior to Britain’s decision last month to support the emergency relief response with £100m (much appreciated but a little late).
This cash could have been used to protect the 60% of the country’s livestock that has already died, or help prevent the 110 deaths recorded in just two days in March.
African countries can interrupt the cycle of drought, loss and death by banding together to insure against weather calamities. This translates into lives saved, and offers a new model for economic self-sufficiency.
Assia Sidibe is head of government services for west and central Africa at African Risk Capacity.
on: Apr 21, 2017, 10:35 PM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Lenore|
Donald Trump has 'dangerous mental illness', say psychiatry experts at Yale conference
The Independent 22.4.17
Donald Trump has a “dangerous mental illness” and is not fit to lead the US, a group of psychiatrists have warned during a conference at Yale University.
Mental health experts claimed the President was “paranoid and delusional”, and said it was their “ethical responsibility” to warn the American public about the “dangers” Mr Trump’s psychological state poses to the country.
Speaking at the conference at Yale’s School of Medicine on Thursday, one of the mental health professionals, Dr John Gartner, a practising psychotherapist who advised psychiatric residents at Johns Hopkins University Medical School, said: “We have an ethical responsibility to warn the public about Donald Trump's dangerous mental illness.”
Dr Gartner, who is also a founding member of Duty to Warn, an organisation of several dozen mental health professionals who think Mr Trump is mentally unfit to be president, said the President's statement about having the largest crowd at an inauguration was just one of many that served as warnings of a larger problem.
“Worse than just being a liar or a narcissist, in addition he is paranoid, delusional and grandiose thinking and he proved that to the country the first day he was President. If Donald Trump really believes he had the largest crowd size in history, that’s delusional,” he added.
Chairing the event, Dr Bandy Lee, assistant clinical professor in the Yale Department of Psychiatry, said: “As some prominent psychiatrists have noted, [Trump’s mental health] is the elephant in the room. I think the public is really starting to catch on and widely talk about this now.”
James Gilligan, a psychiatrist and professor at New York University, told the conference he had worked some of the “most dangerous people in society”, including murderers and rapists — but that he was convinced by the “dangerousness” of Mr Trump.
“I’ve worked with some of the most dangerous people our society produces, directing mental health programmes in prisons,” he said.“I’ve worked with murderers and rapists. I can recognise dangerousness from a mile away. You don’t have to be an expert on dangerousness or spend fifty years studying it like I have in order to know how dangerous this man is.”
Dr Gartner started an online petition earlier this year on calling for Mr Trump to be removed from office, which claims that he is “psychologically incapable of competently discharging the duties of President”. The petition has so far garnered more than 41,000 signatures.
It states: “We, the undersigned mental health professionals (please state your degree), believe in our professional judgment that Donald Trump manifests a serious mental illness that renders him psychologically incapable of competently discharging the duties of President of the United States.
“And we respectfully request he be removed from office, according to article 4 of the 25th amendment to the Constitution, which states that the president will be replaced if he is 'unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office'."
The claims made in the conference have drawn criticism from some in the psychiatric establishment, who say they violate the American Psychiatric Association’s “Goldwater rule,” which states psychiatrists are not to give professional opinions on people they have not personally examined.
They have also been condemned by Republicans, including Connecticut Republican Party Chairman JR Romano, who accused the group of “throwing ethical standards out the window because they cannot accept the election results.”
Responding to the criticism, Dr Gartner said: “This notion that you need to personally interview someone to form a diagnosis actually doesn’t make a whole lotta sense. For one thing, research shows that the psychiatric interview is the least statistical reliable way to make a diagnosis.”
The doctors have said that even if it is in breach of tradition ethical standards of psychiatry, it was necessary to break their silence on the matter because they feared “too much is at stake”.
It is not the first time Mr Trump's mental health has been called into question. In February, Duty to Warn, which consists of psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers, signed an open letter warning that his mental state “makes him incapable of serving safely as president”.
The letter warned that the President’s tendency to “distort reality” to fit his “personal myth of greatness” and attack those who challenge him with facts was likely to increase in a position of power.
on: Apr 21, 2017, 01:09 PM
|Started by Deva - Last post by Deva|
Excellent application of EA! What you have written accurately reflects the current life's evolutionary intentions symbolized by Pluto's polarity point in Pisces the 4th house. You make a good point that the Soul will develop the capacity to access Itself emotionally (Pisces/4th house), and by extension help others do to same. Great job!
on: Apr 21, 2017, 10:59 AM
|Started by Deva - Last post by dollydaydream|
The primary evolutionary intention of souls born with Pluto/10th and Pisces/4th is to find emotional security within themselves regardless of "outside" expectations and dependencies, and that internal, emotional center will be linked with their sense of ultimate, universal and timeless laws. This evolving, emotional center must be fully integrated so the life-path will become clearer, simpler and more real for them. They will need to spend time reflecting sincerely on what represents real meaning to them and how they can contribute to, or align their abilities with, this ultimate meaning. The existential emptiness and sense of meaningless they have experienced will be replaced with a sense of meaning and purpose. Reflection and discrimination will help them eliminate those old emotional habits and dependencies they have been identified with, along with expectations and definitions prescribed by family, community, nation, etc. The closer they get to who they really are, the simpler their life will become and the less they will feel the need to create crisis after crisis where nothing makes sense. In an effort to cooperate with the evolutionary intention, the soul must make a sustained effort to put into practice those ways of reconnecting with their center on a regular basis. It will be necessary to pay attention to internal promptings to take time out and be alone when it feels like the right thing to do. Old habits die hard and expending energy running here and there should not be used as excuses for not doing the proper work on themselves.
When operating from their center of internal security, the soul will be more easily able to identify any natural abilities they have and make the necessary effort to further develop and employ them in a work function that makes sense to them. In the past they may have made excuses as to why they are not ready to do what they feel they should do, or develop further any innate talents they have. Any work at this stage will be seen and experienced in relation to the whole, whatever that means to them, and not be just any old job for a paycheck. The relative simplicity of the type of work does not matter, since attitude is more important. The work itself, if performed with a sense of meaning, can provide immense satisfaction, no matter how humble it may seem from the outside. Being overly concerned with the results of work becomes less important than the actual performing of the work itself.
In identifying and emotionally connecting with their inner grown-up, they will be able to see how and why they are the way they are, and how being on the receiving end of unrealistic expectations of perfection and judgments from those in their environment has contributed to a negative self-image. Not only that, but they may be able to see where they have continued where others have left off - striving for a perfection that does not exist and then criticizing themselves for not living up to that expectation. In that clarity, they will be able to see how they have judged and criticized others also, and with self-forgiveness will come the forgiveness of others. This is not to say that all judgements should be thrown out. The transgression of Natural Law leaves guilt in the soul so those actions won't be taken again. The desire to be of service to others, another, nature or whatever feels right to them, will still be present within the soul, but the manner of service will be more in line with who they naturally are. Their work function will be valued to a greater or lesser extent within any group they choose to belong to, but that won't be the reason why they are working in the way that they are. A real sense of humility will permeate their soul instead of a feeling of being victimized, downtrodden or feeling less than everyone else.
In the consensus state, the type of work or career must be linked to a sense of ultimate meaning, and if that can be accomplished, any type of work can be successfully and joyfully carried out as long as they feel it is the right work for them at a personal, emotional level. Through reflection and paying attention to what is going on inside them, they will more easily be able to identify what they have to offer and how their work or social position is related to a larger purpose. The pursuit of social recognition or money will not be the end goal here since the work itself and its sense of personal meaning is its own reward. With Virgo/10th they could have natural organizational skills and a keen analytical mind that proves valuable to the efficient functioning of an organization that is concerned with the legitimate welfare of others. Another example of selfless work that a soul might choose is working with abandoned or hurt animals, where compassion and the sense of touch can help heal the animal and worker at the same time. This type of work of course is beneficial no matter the spiritual stage of the soul. Whatever they do, the commitment to a higher cause and their own role within it is the real point.
Souls in the individuated state will increasingly learn how to best apply their personal, unique abilities to work that is aligned with their sense of ultimate meaning. Sometimes these people will remove themselves from society for a while in order to focus their attention inward in order to find out what it is that is unique and different about themselves that they have to offer. They will discover or recognize those unique abilities through feeling. If it feels right, they will know to follow it. They have had a need to liberate from consensus society and this can be reflected in their attraction to, and identification with, "alternative" means of making a living. As an example, they might be interested in healing methods that are considered weird or too different by consensus society. Sometimes any abilities or ways of doing things might be completely new, and sometimes they may be ways to improve upon ones that are already "out there." If they feel emotionally aligned with those methods they will feel secure in those abilities and must follow any potentially new paths with courage, standing alone if necessary with full faith and trust in themselves and the work they are doing. Typically they will feel comfortable co-operating with others of like mind and will not feel threatened by new ideas and ways of doing things. With their natural leadership ability they can show others how to best get in touch with and utilize their own natural abilities and need to liberate, alone or within a group setting. As their internal evolution proceeds, their particular role within any group will become less important and they will happily do any work that serves a legitimate need.
Souls in the spiritual state will have aligned their personal sense of identity and Will with the Source and will be consciously working selflessly in whatever field they choose. In some cases the soul may desire to leave their family or community with the intention of turning inwards with as few distractions as possible in order to further develop a personal relationship with the Source. One of the ways these souls could choose to help others is by using their natural abilities to communicate universal, timeless principles in a straightforward, simple way. They could do this by actually being out there in the community or they could do it in relative isolation through writing. Their lives may be quite sparse or simple in comparison to their contemporaries but their chosen path will have real meaning and purpose, both for themselves and others. In some cases, the soul will be so sensitive to the needs of others they will be able to channel and direct the healing power of the Source when they feel there is a real need, or that healing power will stream through them of its own volition.
In all of the above, a move from deductive thinking to inductive thinking will help simplify a life that had been marked by moving from one intellectual crisis to another. To paraphrase JWG's centipede story, they will no longer feel the need to analyze leg 46 and just keep walking.
on: Apr 21, 2017, 08:12 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
Thousands of tiny satellites are about to go into space and possibly ruin it forever
By Avi Selk
April 21, 2017
Watch man-made objects journey from the outer solar system back to Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zT7typHkpVg
Halfway through the European Space Agency's new film, we're at the part where — if this were some happy space documentary from yesteryear — Carl Sagan might be giving us a tour of a distant galaxy.
But it's 2017, Sagan is dead, and this is a film about space trash. So six minutes in, we're stuck a mere 800 miles above Earth, watching a wasp swarm of defunct satellites whip around the globe to a frenetic soundtrack that sounds like the end of “The Dark Knight.”
It's a dramatic simulation of what low Earth orbit looks like today. You can even watch it in 3-D. Because the European Space Agency really, really wants you to pay attention to the space debris problem.
The problem is about to get worse, experts say, as cheap, tiny satellites are shot through the stratosphere in unprecedented numbers.
Worst-case scenario: a massive, unstoppable, chain-reaction traffic wreck above our heads. So much for escaping Earth to distant galaxies.
The short film “Space Debris: A Journey to Earth” was screened this week in Germany at the world's largest annual gathering of space-debris experts.
The news from space was not great.
Hundreds of thousands of bits of space junk are orbiting Earth, according to NASA. These include tiny paint flecks that can take out a space shuttle window, and some 2,000 satellite shards left by a collision of Russian and American satellites several years ago.
In Germany, the audience was shown a slide from another depressing space film, “Gravity.” The part where the International Space Station is destroyed in an avalanche of space trash.
“There were many mistakes in that movie; I will not go through that,” ESA Director General Jan Woerner said. “But the effect, as such, is a very serious one.”
Woerner cut to video from the real International Space Station, which has not yet been destroyed.
Bobbing around in zero gravity, astronaut Thomas Pesquet described what the space station crew has to do when a piece of debris whizzes past: Climb into an escape shuttle, wait and hope.
“This happened four times,” Pesquet said. “In my own interests, let me wish you a successful conference.”
Then it was on to a keynote speech from retired NASA scientist Donald Kessler, known for coming up with an apocalyptic space-crash theory called the Kessler syndrome — or “orbital Nagasaki,” as a researcher once described it to The Washington Post.
Basically: A thing hits another thing at 25,000 mph or so. Those things then explode into more things, which hit yet more things, initiating a catastrophic chain reaction of collisions that makes low Earth orbit totally unusable.
Kessler predicted this in the 1970s, when space had fewer things in it. At this week's conference, he previewed a new study he worked on that found “a statistically meaningful number of satellites” that have been damaged by debris.
And an ESA official described a recent study finding that a particularly crowded region of space has already become unstable, which he worried could foretell Kessler's doomsday scenario.
The bad news didn't stop there.
As satellites get smaller and cheaper, more and more of them are going into orbit to potentially smash into each other.
In February, the New York Times reported, India launched 104 tiny satellites into space from a single rocket.
It was a world record, though one not likely to stand for long.
In all of human history, ESA's debris chief said at the conference, about 7,000 spacecraft have left Earth. He pulled up a slide of 12,000 new satellites set to go up soon, announced by companies such as Samsung and SpaceX.
Many of these — like the batch India sent into space — are nano-satellites: tiny, motorless machines that promise to revolutionize communications.
They're simple enough to make that grade school students in Arlington, Va., put one together for a class project. Once in orbit, they fan out into wide constellations, outperforming their bulkier ancestors.
But these tiny satellites have big problems, according to experts at the conference. There will be lots of them, for one thing. And since they can't navigate, they'll keep careening through space long after they've stopped working and are thus more likely to collide with other things.
Hugh Lewis, an aerospace researcher with the University of Southampton, spoke at the conference about a dire computer model his team ran. They simulated the effects of 270 nano-satellites launched into space each year for 50 years — a realistic assumption, Lewis said, as more than 100 a year are already going up.
He projected the results of the simulation onto the wall; the chance of space collisions more than doubled with the tiny satellites in play.
Lewis noted that “mega-constellations” of satellites aren't necessarily bad. He said they have the potential to provide affordable communications to the half of the world that lacks such technology.
But other experts at the conference noted that voluntary guidelines to mitigate space debris (bring your dead satellite out of orbit within 25 years, for example) often go ignored.
“No one has found an ideal solution for cleaning up the junk that’s already there,” Rachel Feltman wrote for The Post last year.
And if the next Space Age only adds more of it, low Earth orbit could resemble something even worse than a dramatically scored wasp swarm by the time the ESA makes a sequel to its space-trash film.
on: Apr 21, 2017, 06:47 AM
|Started by Rad - Last post by Rad|
‘Catastrophic threat’: CDC chief fears a deadly superbug’s spread
ATLANTA - Public health officials have a lot on their plate now: Outbreaks of measles and flu, soaring deaths from opioid overdoses, funding cuts. But for Dr. Anne Schuchat, acting director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one of the scariest threats is a deadly fungus.
The lethal fungus, known as Candida auris, has killed at least 61 people in the United States in recent years, mostly in New York, New Jersey, and Illinois. And Schuchat fears it could spread.
The superbug poses a "catastrophic threat" to the public, Schuchat told STAT in a recent interview.
Identified eight years ago in Japan, C. auris has spread around the world. It can infect wounds, infiltrate the bloodstream, and take root in the urinary tract, and it's resistant to many antifungal drugs.
Health officials have warned US clinicians to watch for the fungus in hospitals. Patients who have undergone recent surgery, used central venous catheters, or been hospitalized for lengthy periods, as well as those with diabetes, are particularly at risk. The fatality rate appears to be unusually high: About 60 percent of those who get infected with C. auris have died, the CDC said.
"Eradication of Candida auris from hospitals is very difficult and in some cases has led to closing hospital wards," Mahmoud Ghannoum, director of the Center for Medical Mycology at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, said upon releasing a study last month.
Drug resistant superbugs had greatly worried Schuchat's predecessor, Dr. Tom Frieden, too. He dubbed CREs - a bacteria known to scientists as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - as a "nightmare bacteria," given its resistance to most antibiotics.
Schuchat believes health officials "have to do better with infection control" when it comes to containing superbugs of all kinds.
"This is a big threat and a wake-up call," she said. "It was a problem for Ebola. It was a problem for SARS. It's a problem for drug resistance."